VIRTUAL LABORATORIES IN TEACHING AND EDUCATION.
Authors: Firuza Rashidovna Muradova
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E-learning implemented by educational institutions should include not only educational-methodical complexes on disciplines (modules), but also software aimed at the development of professional competencies. The best way to build competences is a virtual laboratory, simulated in an e-learning environment onto real world objects. Creating a virtual laboratory allows, on the one hand, to experiment with the equipment and materials that correspond to the real lab, on the other, to get acquainted with the computer model for the development of practical skills in professional activities. Note that not every educational institution can afford to purchase expensive equipment, which is costly in maintenance, purchase supplies, and most importantly, the replacement at its improvement. The versatility of virtual laboratories compensates these shortcomings. Virtual Lab provides students with the complex problems of various do-mains, virtual instruments to formalize the process conditions, the means to solve the problem; teachers are able to monitor, diagnose the process of mastering the material. Thus, students can independently form practical skills in the time convenient for them, not limiting themselves to the times and the territorial remoteness of the educational organization.