THE IMPORTANCE OF ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARIES IN IDENTIFYING THE NORMS OF WRITTEN SPEECH (ON THE BASIS OF “THE HOUND OF THE BASKERVILLES” BY ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE AND ITS TRANSLATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND UZBEK)
Authors: Dildor Bakhtiyarovna Otazhonova
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Dictionary is a reference resource, in printed or electronic form, that consists of an alphabetical list of words with their meanings and parts of speech, and often a guide to accepted pronunciation and syllabification, irregular inflections of words, derived words of different parts of speech, and etymologies or in other words is a similar reference work giving equivalent words in two or more languages. Such dictionaries often consist of two or more parts, in each of which the alphabetical list is given in a different language. According to purposes they vary in types as specialized dictionaries, defining dictionaries, prescriptive vs. descriptive, dictionaries for natural language processing. There are other types of dictionaries that don't fit neatly in the above distinction, for instance bilingual dictionaries, dictionaries of synonyms, or rhyming dictionaries. So dictionaries can be used for different purposes, particularly in medicine, technology, engineering, and other fields. Etymological dictionaries are considered as a main source for learning the historical establishment of the word. The values of etymological dictionaries are examined in linguistic analyses of the words or expressions which describe the origin and the historical development as well. Furthermore, through the use of various dictionaries researchers learn languages or define the meanings of unfamiliar words. Etymological and other dictionaries play an important role in the process of translation from one language into another. Particularly, the description listed in the dictionary serves for the effective completion of the process of translation. Translator selects the needed one by comparing the meanings given in the dictionary. Spacious ways of translation cause the enrichment of both languages and cultures.