THE SAME SUBJECTS OF MYTHS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD AS THE RESULT OF UNIVERAL BEGINNING OF THE SURROUNDUNG REALITIES
Authors: AFAQ Hasan GAMBAROVA
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During the whole history of the existence of mankind different peoples at different times created myths, legends, tales and epic works. The main pecularity of this process was the fact that, in spite of belonging to different cultures and epoches, differences in the plots, subject-matters of the works were the same, universal. Creation of the world, fought between good and evil, relationship between man and woman principles - are the problems, exciting the mankind of the past, present and purhaps they will be actual problems in future. Certainly, it does not mean that in the ancient times all the peoples of the world thought just in the same way, and that they had possibilities to share their opinions, but it shows that the same principles exist in the world-principles of commonness, influencing on the mind of the mankind in the same way as to the time and space. Despite the common features and the same subject-matter, culture of each people is original, unrepeated, because the surrounding realities creating culturological ground is original as well: nature, landscape, animal world which establish national being, national kitchen and traditions. In the article universal concepts called “structure forming forces” composing the skeleton of myths of many peoples of the world by Edvin K.Krapp were considered.