SOCIAL-POLITICAL AND SPIRITUAL LIFE OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN HISTORY.
Authors: Xulkar Yuldashevna Xalikulova
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This article is about historiсаl roopof tolerance attitude to disabled people in Central Asia in XIV-XXI centuries.Since ancient times, people in the east were treated with tolerance. The nature of attitudes towards disability and life of every nation is based on the mentality and religious relations of nation .Especially, in Central Asia in XIV-XVI centuries human life was determined on the basis of religious beliefs. The holy book of Islam in the Qur'an also called all for tolerance towards people with disabilities and the poor. In addition, this in the Middle Ages near the mosques and madrassas existed apartment for the disabled and poor, neighborhoods residents served them food. Especially in sharia (the legal rules established on the basis of religious traditions) in the first place protects the rights of people with disabilities. And in all the works of great scholars, who lived in Central Asia, occupies a special place the theory of the social protection of disabled persons. For example, Imam Al Bukhari, Farabi, IbnSina, Beruni, NizamulmulkYusuf Hawes Hozhib in his writings mentioned such a state that respected the disabled. In addition, even in the period of the government of Amir Temur, too, the social protection of persons with disabilitiesplayed main role in the state. From ancient times to the present in the Central Asian disabled people treated with respect. In addition, today, too, after the independence of our state social protection of disabled people is of particular importance in the state.