Fauna and Flora Biodiversity in Saros Bay
Authors: Rüştü Ilgar
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As of 21st century, our world became globalized and the consumption of the world resources was constantly increased. Over excessive consumption of the natural resource also brings different type of environmental problem with it. Nowadays, the people are moving from more demolished places to less corrupted places, in terms of recreational activities. But, forcing the limitation of those boundaries will reduce the size and amount of the recreational fields. As a result of that, the governments of many countries take some precaution in order to protect the fields with rich biodiversity, flora and fauna. These regions those intended to be protected called “SEPA – Saros Bay Environmental Protection Area”.
The diversity and richness of fauna and flora in terms of Turkey world constitutes an important part of the ecosystem. Approximately 12,000 species of flowering plants known to grow in the European continent, while in Turkey the number is around 10,000, 3 thousand of them are endemic, so swoop in and other countries of the world in Turkey. In addition, there is non-cultivated, plants are unique to Turkey 2.866 km 1.134 km2 marine area with a coastline of Turkey and under the protection of the Mediterranean holds in the first place. Saros Bay, which is one of 16 special environmental protection area in Turkey, harbors its rich flora and fauna with “a northern version of the sea” is known as. 209 species in the Bay marine plants, 108 species of fish, 2 species of marine mammals and 233 species have been identified in marine invertebrates the diversity of the marine ecosystem a total of 552. In studies on fish fauna in the Saros Bay, 3 of the 22 teams that belong to the class, belonging to 59 families are defined type 124. Among these, 28 species belonging to 15 families of cartilaginous, bony fish species belonging to 44 families of the 96. The number of species designated 107 Atlanta 124-Mediterranean, 12 cosmopolitan, 5 species are endemic to the Mediterranean basin, the number of. The variety of underwater life and crystal clear water attracting attention with its charm, welcomes 1 million visitors during the tourist season in bay. The diversity of shapes and a half in need, being an island, it had an effect on biodiversity. Bay marine and terrestrial biodiversity marine and terrestrial ecosystems created by the presence of ekotoon in much of has been effective.