On the peculiarities of considering crimes against the moral by the court of the ancient church in the II–IV centuries
Authors: Ilya Nazarov
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The article is a logical continuation of the study of the peculiarities of examining crimes against morality by the court of an ancient church on the basis of the rules of the Apostolic. At the beginning of the article, the author intends to return to the essence and content of these rules in order to emphasize the retrospective vector of the development of the church justice. The author concludes that the new canonical constructions did not in any way affect and did not have to touch upon the basic nature and essential properties of the Apostolic rules, which
in turn strictly corresponded to the Holy Scriptures and, in particular, the Epistles of the Apostle Paul. Having established this fact, the author goes on to study the features of the consideration of crimes against morality by the church court of the II-IV centuries. The article examines the following canonical acts: the Apostolic Decree, the rules of St. Gregory of Neocaesarea, the rule of St. Peter of Alexandria, the rule of St. Basil the Great, the rules of St. Dionysius of Alexandria, a letter from Cyprian of Carthage. In conclusion, the author concludes that when solving legal issues (an element of an external court), the church legal proceedings of this period gave a significant role to exposing crimes against faith and morality (an element of the internal court), as well as strengthening in their flock for the pursuit of goodness and holiness.