This poem was written by Valentin Kachev in 1984 at the vineyard of Tsolo Todorov in Bashovitsa. Tsolo Todorov was one of the leaders of the Belogradchik uprising, murdered at the Belogradchik fortress in the summer of 1850. The poem has already been published in books in Bulgarian as well as in Russian.
Below one could find the first poem devoted to the leaders of the Belogradchik uprising of 1850: Valtcho Botchov, Lilo Panov, Tsolo Tododov, Dedo Bojin, Vlah Nedelko Parvanov, Kostadin Yanev and Petko Kazandji. All of them were beheaded in the Belogradchik fortress. The author of the poem is T. Videnov, a teacher. The poem is dated – April, 9th, 1910.
The author, Professor V. Borisov (Social Medicine), Medical University – Sofia, narrates his life in a book, published recently. Borisov’s career as a physician and scholar is outlined in details. Professor Borisov was born in the village of Skomlya, near Belogradchik. His life in Belogradchik is described and the importance of his study and work there for shaping his personality and interests in future is heavily scored.
The paper reveals the history of the meteorite of Belogradchik (1874), samples of which have been presented in many meteorite collections in all over the world except Bulgaria. The meteorite, often named ‘Virba’, was studied and described by Daubrée (1874) and Meunier (1893).
The first evidence in literature for the Belogradchik uprising in 1850 can be found in James Henry Skene’s book “The Danubian Principalities, the Frontier Lands of the Christian and the Turk”, published in London in 1854 (there exists an earlier edition (1853) with a slight change in the book title). Skene visited Belogradchik several days after the suppression of the revolt and his observations and impressions are described in the book. It is strange that Skene’s book has never been cited in the literature about the Belogradchik uprising.
This short story by Valentin Kachev, a member both of the Union of the Bulgarian Writers and the Union of the Russian Writers, describes an imaginary meeting of Tsolo Todorov, one of the leaders of the Belogradchik uprising in 1850, with his grandson (the author). The tale was published in Russian. Here its translation into Bulgarian is presented. A painted portrait of Tsolo Todorov (Historic Museum, Belogradchik) is enclosed.
In many old books, maps and documents of 17th - 20th c. one can see the name “Bulgarian Morava” for the river, which is known today as “South Morava”. Surprisingly, in several maps from 17th and 18th c. we find another name of the same river - “Bulgaria”. Some fragments of such maps are presented in this article along with the hypothesis that formerly “Bulgaria”, “Morava”, “Golema” (“Great”) etc. are the names of different parts of the present river of Morava.
In 1907 a Committee “The Summer of 1850” was established. The goal of this Committee was to collect full information about the Belogradchik uprising of 1850 and, in this way, to immortalize the heros of the revolt against the Turkish authority for the Bulgarian liberty. The booklet containing this information was published in 1911. The present publication reproduces the second edition of Panov’s book (1937).