New geoarchaeological upper pleistocene site in the Kuda river valley
Authors: Peskov Sergey A. , Klementev Alexey M. , Molchanov Dmitry N. , Sterkhova Inga V. , Molchanov Grigory N.
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This paper presents the preliminary results of studies of the Paleolithic site “Vesna”, which was observed in 2017 in the western part of Kuda village, situated in Irkutsk region. The site is determined by the position on the slope surface of the northern, north-eastern exposure with absolute marks 490–492 m, facing the wide valley of the Kuda river, and is tied to the headboard of the starboard decay. The archaeological remains recorded in solifluction dark brown loam (lower Sartan solifluction), with the presence of humus layers of the ancients (the Karga?) soils. As the main raw material for the lithic-production it was used an argillite, also there are few fine quartzite artifacts. The collection of artifacts includes flat-front cores for the blade production, blades, flake-blades, flakes, convergent side-scraper, retouched blade. The raw material composition and morphology of the industry have some similarities with the assemblages of the sites Arembovsky, Aksenova and Shchapova I. Faunal complex of site is represented by the fragments of bones of woolly rhinoceros, primeval bison and fossil horse. Cultural remains age could be preliminary defined from lower Sartan to Karga time (25–30 000 years BP).