Critical and synergy nodes in insulin-EGF signaling network
Authors: Hassan Monhemi, Mohammad Reza Housaindokht, Mohammad Reza Bozorgmehr and Ahmad Reza Bahrami
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Signaling pathways are not isolated from their surroundings. They are also intervened by other signaling pathways known as “crosstalk mechanism”. One of the most important crosstalk mechanisms is the insulin- EGF network. Although insulin and epidermal growth factor (EGF) networks have some complexity in their isolated forms, their complexities will grow in the crosstalk network. In this study, we used the analytical tools of the systems biology workbench for elucidating some ambiguities of the insulin-EGF crosstalk. Based on sensitivity analysis, we reconstructed an elucidated model with 51 chemical reactions in comparison with the previous model with 111 chemical reactions. Interestingly, this reduced model reproduces the results of the original model in synergy conditions. We noticed two controlling pathways with direct participation of phosphorylated insulin and EGF receptors that involve Insulin Receptor Substrate (IRS) and Src kinase modules. Also, insulin pathway by producing phosphatidylinositol-3, 4, 5-triphosphate (PIP3), and EGF pathway by activation of GAB1, control the downstream events and lead to potentialities in the mitogenic signal. Surprisingly, Shc and phosphatase SHP2-dependent reactions have no significant roles in the synergy conditions and are not involved in the reduced model. Regarding sensitivity analysis, all Ras/ERK cascade reactions are crucial for signal transduction and were kept in the reduced model.