GRAPHIC STYLES AND TECHNIQUES IN THE CITY CULTURE OF SEMIRECHYE AND SOUTH KAZAKHSTAN (the example of the anthropo-zoomorphic ceramics and architectural decoration)
Authors: K. Yu. Markova
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The paper is devoted to the anthropo-zoomorphic ceramics and carved clay collected from the territory of Semi-rechye and Zhetysu: the cities of Taraz, Dzhikil, Tyuktu-Archi, Sadyr-Kurgan, Chol-Tobe, Tortkul, Aktobe, Aktobe-1, Talgar and other. In the course of work, the common stylistic elements and ornament patterns, typical for the artistic culture of Semirechye and South Kazakhstan in general, were defined; the semantics of the ornamental elements and compositions is stated. The authors succeeded in determining how visual styles and techniques changed over time, and to highlight the similarities and differences in creating plant and geometric motifs in story lines, both in the decoration of the walls of temples and mosques and on the vessels, sometimes found in the locations of these buildings. Common types of ornament on the studied subjects are floral and geometric, cosmogonic and anthropo- and zoomorphic styles.