Monitoring as an element of city administration system, providing its sustainable development (based on the example of Saint-Petersburg)
Authors: S.ERSHOVA, T.ORLOVSKAYIA
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the article is devoted to issues of monitoring of spatial development of city for the purposes of its sustainable and safe development. As in the Russian Federation the urban development plan is the main document of spatial planning, monitoring of its realisation must be considered as a function of public control over the effective use of city land resources. Since in Russian practice urban development plan is drawn up on the basis of strategy and prognosis of social and economic development of the city, monitoring of urban development plan is a part of public strategy of social and economic development of metropolis. Understanding the importance of adequacy of perception of this subject matter by foreign experts, we consider that it is essential to elucidate that in Eastern Europe the synonym for the Russian term «strategy of social and economic development of metropolis» is the term «strategic economic planning of metropolis».
The important result of the survey, conducted by the authors, is the exposure of the essence of urban planning in the Russian Federation. In contrast to Eastern European countries, at the current moment in Russian metropolises there is a problem of absence of the system of record keeping and control over the development of urbanisation processes. In Saint-Petersburg, largest Russian city, there is understanding amongst experts and specialists of the necessity of keeping a record of results of spatial planning processes. And in this context the urban planning element arises much interest – the dynamic of reproportioning of functional zones, of which the most comfortable for living (residential, mixed residential-commercial, and recreational) determine the strategic priority for city development in different time periods.
In contrast to highly developed systems of real property inventory which exist in Eastern Europe and The United Kingdom, the Russian system of keeping a record of results of spatial planning processes is now in embryo. However, the system of monitoring of urban development plan which helps to provide the data support for urbanisation processes, is essential for effective city administration and making deliberate decisions in setting the courses of city development and investing plans.