Renewal of Energy and Life in the Biosphere
Authors: Valery P. Kalinitchenko
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Energy renewal should be oriented not so much on a human who is the energy main consumer, but in the first turn on the Earth's geospheres. The properties of sources, fluxes and sinks of energy are considered in focus of energy consumer, and, simultaneously, in focus of an object to which the consumer belongs concerning creating a long-term priority human living conditions and providing buffer parameters for geospheres. The evolution of the biosphere and the pedosphere is considered, the significance of the use and renewal of hydrocarbon energy in the Earth’s biogeochemical cycle is shown. Demand for energy on Earth is considered in the focus of the current conflict "technology – consumption – ecosphere" as a result of an incorrect strategy of technological development within the framework of outdated industrial technological platform. To increase the application of renewal energy on Earth is possible due to optimization of the biogeochemical cycle, improving the quality of the biosphere, improving living conditions, motivating the use of energy. Biogeosystem Technique is proposed as a new scientific and technical platform for strategic development of the world and its technology, organically connected with the problem of production and use of renewal energy on Earth. Biogeosystem Technique instead of direct imitation of natural phenomena suggests the use of development opportunities that Nature leaves to man as a productive way to understand the Nature’s intent and use it for harmonious development, but not to resist Nature. Biogeosystem Technique provides: design of long-term resistant high-fertility soils by milling the layer of 20–45 cm, which increases biological productivity by 30-50 % for a period of up to 40 years; soil watering without the infiltration of water by a pulse injection through the slide syringe element directly into a discrete volume of soil of 2-3 cm diameter to a depth from 10 to 40 cm, that provides fresh water saving in comparison with standard irrigation methods from 3 to 20 times, soil conservation, a stable biogeochemical barrier "soil – root system"; recycling of industrial, domestic, agricultural, biological waste (including dangerous due to possibility to break the trophic distribution chains, including gasification waste) in the intra-soil milling and intra-soil watering for fertilizing and improving soil, avoiding food contamination. The way for expanding biosphere and increasing its product is opened up through expanding the biological and soil phase of the carbon biogeochemical cycle, enhancing ionization of air in photosynthesis and precipitating aerosols, obtaining additional food, raw materials, biofuels, and utilizing dangerous substances inside the soil, especially in the form of dust. Are achieved – soil health, environmental health, human health. The Biogeosystem Technique method will allow to store in biosphere the greater volume of matter, produce higher biological product, extract and use as much as possible renewable energy from biosphere, simultaneously increase the buffer properties of geospheres and stability of the Earth's climate system.