In this study, the morphometric parameters of selected watershed have been calculated. The study area was
classified in to 10 sub basins and linear, aerial and relief aspects, for each sub basin were found to understand
the hydrology of the watershed. Satellite imagery from Cartosat, along with survey of India toposheet was used to delineate
watershed boundary, with Arc GIS 10.3. The results revealed that, the study area is a sixth order drainage basin with total
stream length of 1422.05 km. The mean bifurcation ratio varies between 3.06 and 5.50, which shows that the region is
subjected to less structural control, by which there is no distortion of drainage pattern. Drainage density value of 3.38
Km/Km2 shows that, there is a mountainous relief with fine drainage texture in the study area. The shape parameters such
as form factor, elongation ratio and circulatory ratio calculated indicates that, the basin is elongated in shape in which, flow
can be managed efficiently.
The Bhalswa Landfill site is located in the northwestern part of Delhi and it is the capitals largest landfill site,
which receives approximately 2700 tons of waste material every day. The landfill has already reached to its full extend in
2006, but due to population increase and no alternative site, Delhi is still using it as a dumping ground. The people residing
near the site are suffering from various health problems and spontaneous fires are becoming more frequent during summer
seasons. The ground water is highly contaminated in the area. The Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are very used full
in analyzing the changes and show spatial effect on both human being and the environment. The result of this study
indicates that there is a population increase in these areas and the health problems are becoming a serious problem, which
can only be tackled by using good combustion practices by the way of incineration technology.
Background: Good oral health during pregnancy can not only improve the quality of life of the
pregnant mother, but also potentially reduce complications during pregnancy Aim: This study aims to evaluate
the effect of dental care information support on the level of oral health knowledge, practice, and gingival
condition during pregnancy. Subjects and Methods: Quasi-experimental (pre-post-test) research design was
utilized in this study. A purposive sample of 100 pregnant women was recruited in this study based on certain
inclusion criteria. Two groups 50 each, a study group who received dental care information, support and
control groups who received the routine care from two MCH centers at El- Fayoum Governorate were
randomly assigned. Seven tools were used to collect the needed data. The results: Findings of this study reveal
that no statistical significant differences were found between the two groups regarding to demographic
characteristics (p = > 0.05). Improvement in mean knowledge score among study group of 35.52 ± 9.08 to
57.94 ± 4.87 (pre-post-test) with a highly statistically significant difference (p = 0.00). Moreover,
improvements in the mean practice score from 6.66 ± 4.05 of pre-test for 20.78 ± 2.13. Post-test ((p = 0.000,).
Also, the mean of bleeding on probing (BOP) decreased since 11.27 ± 3.22 to 4.38±1.69 as well as, the mean
plaque index (PI) decreased since 85.49 ± 9.5 to 47.02 ± 9.09 respectively as indicators of improvement in
gingival conditions. In conclusion providing information support for pregnant women about oral health care
improvement their knowledge and practice as well as improvement in the degree of gingival inflammation
associated with pregnancy. Integration of oral health screening through routine antenatal check-up and
developing programs to educate mothers about the importance of oral and dental health care during and before
planning for pregnancy were needed.
The present study was designed to explore the association of organizational role stress of the parents with the selfhandicapping
among their children. The study included 100 children 50 each in the high stressed and low stressed group
taken one child from one family on the bases of their mother, father and both together (parents) having high and low
organizational role stress. The standardized tools of Organizational Role Scale, Loneliness and Self- handicapping were
applied in the present study using t- test and correlation as a statistical measure to analyze the observations. The result
demonstrated the significant difference between the loneliness and self handicapping of the children with respect to the
organizational role stress of their parents and further revealed the positive association of the organizational role stress with
the loneliness and self handicapping of their children i.e. Higher the organizational role stress of the parents, higher the
loneliness and self handicapping among their children and vice versa. However, require further investigations.
In this paper we will focus on the numerical methods involved in solving nonlinear equation in one variable and
systems of nonlinear equations. First we will study the fixed point iteration and Newton’s method in one variable for
solving nonlinear equation and their convergence. Second we will examine these two methods in for solving of
multivariable nonlinear equations which involves the Jacobean matrix and finally we also give an application of Newton’s
Electronic learning has become one of the fastest-moving trends in education and poses a promising alternative to
traditional learning. The study aimed to design, implement and evaluate the effect of using an electronic course on
undergraduate nursing students` satisfaction and academic achievement in course of ethical and legal issues in nursing.
Quasi-experimental design was utilized to achieve the aim of the study. The study was conducted at Faculty of
Nursing- Cairo University. Data were collected from January 2016 to July 2017. Four tools were designed to achieve
the aim of the study; as follows: computer skills assessment; an electronic course in ethical and legal issues in nursing;
student's satisfaction with electronic course questionnaire and the course`s GPA auditing checklist. The study sample was a
randomly selected (105) students be the experimental group who achieved the inclusion criteria and the control group that
included (263) students. The results of the study revealed that, according to experimental group students` satisfaction with
e- course; the mean percentage of total students` satisfaction with e-course was (98.5%). According to the difference
between experimental and control groups students regarding pre-test, immediate post-test and final exam of the course,
there is highly statistical significance difference between experimental and control groups regarding their pre-test
(t= - 7.41,P = 0.00) and immediate post- test (t= 29.47,P = 0.00) of the course. While, there is statistical significance
difference (t= 2.37,P = 0.02) between experimental and control groups regarding final exam. The study recommended that,
at the level of the electronic ethical and legal issues in nursing course; encourage its use at the postgraduate level and at the
other faculties of nursing level. At the level of faculty, working on more production and application of other e-courses in
Good nutrition is critical during the teenage years to ensure healthy growth and development. A healthy diet must
meet the changing nutritional needs of a growing teenager. The diet of adolescents particularly college going students is
typically high in calories, fat, sugar, sodium and often fails to meet the daily recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables,
and calcium-rich foods. The frequent consumption of unhealthy diets in combination with the lack of physical activity is
leads to poor nutritional status. The present study was conducted on university students to study the behavioral changes in
dietary habits and lifestyle using experimental intervention design. Significant and beneficial changes in dietary habits
have been found in university students with nutrition specialization.
Study revealed that mean scores for nutrition knowledge in pro-test was significantly different. After the
intervention of nutrition course ninety percent of nutrition students in the intervention group appeared to have formed
positive behavior towards adoption of healthy eating habits. The intervention group became conscious in selection of food
specially meal timings having breakfast without fail. Nutrition specialization students included fruits, milk, low salt &
sugar, germinated legumes and showed control behavior in consumption of fast foods, while controlled group shown status
quo. Hence nutrition education could be incorporated at degree level as curriculum irrespective of their specialization to
help students make decisions about their dietary intake.
The establishment of the Special Administrative Regions in Hong Kong and Macau represented the new era of
Chinese history that, the implementation of “One Country, Two Systems” were really implemented. Civic education
signified these policies of the intentions of the authorities conducted. This paper gives these analyses of civic education
policy. The study was done through historical, comparative analysis of civic education policy in Hong Kong and Macau,
with the context of the two territories after the sovereignty handover and the interim of governance being crucial.
These two territories’ comparative study can conclude that, national identity and patriotic education are adopted, but these
do not always be implemented effectively. Civic education policies in Hong Kong and Macau are compared and the most
effectual reason of policy initiation is the factor aroused historically.
A research program was carried out, at the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, College of Agriculture,
Vellayani with the objective of assessing the genetic variability, present in a population of twenty-five ash gourd
genotypes. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences, for almost all the characters studied. Yield per plant
showed strong positive genotype correlation, with mean fruit weight, fruit length, fruit girth, flesh thickness and seeds per
fruit. The discriminant function technique was adopted, for the selection of construction index for yield using characters,
which showed a relatively stronger association with yield. The genotypes BH 2 and BH 3, ranked the first with high index
Land area for rice cultivation in North Sulawesi, which rely on rain water is approximately 25.792 ha.
Therefore, regulation in water-saving procedure is necessary. There are two varieties of rice: suluttan insert 1 and solution,
insert 2 which were produced by the researchers of BATAN and Unsrat, that were good in result and growth performance.
The aim of this research was to study the effect of irrigation system in water-saving settings for the growth and production
of rice varieties salutation UNSRAT 1 and solution UNSRAT 2. This Research was conducted in a randomized block
design with factorial experiment. The variable factor G1: suluttan UNSRAT 1 and G2: suluttan UNSRAT 2 and input
patterns of water factor: muddy condition from transplanting until harvest (P1); Flooding condition with 5-7 cm high water
from the transplanting until harvest (P2) and intermittent condition: muddy condition after transplanting up to 30 days; 10
days flooding 5-7 cm and after that muddy condition until harvest (P3). There is no interaction between varieties and
patterns of irrigation water in continuous and intermittent muddy condition does not suppress the growth and yield of rice
varieties Sultan Unsrat 1 and 2. The water savings can occur in rice cultivation with continuous muddy irrigation pattern or
intermittent muddy condition. Flooding irrigation pattern of excessive use of water.
Nurse Managers are promoted to their managerial positions with little or no preparation. They learn through
following traditional management practices of others, trial and errors, and word of mouth. This study was conducted to
evaluate the effect of management training program on the nurse managers' knowledge and performance. The quasiexperimental
design was utilized to attain the aim of the study. The study sample consisted of 20 nurse managers working
at the selected hospital. Three tools developed by the researcher were used for data collection: need assessment checklist,
knowledge test, observational checklist, & program assessment tool. The study results indicated that the program showed
significant improvement in the participants' management knowledge and performance. The participants expressed their
satisfaction with the program. The total performance in immediate and follow up program implementation period is
positively correlated with the participants' age& experience. The study recommended that: Investing resources into the
ongoing development of the leadership and management skills of the nurse managers will improve their performance and
can provide significant contribution to staff and health care organizations. Nurse educators in health training institutions in
consultation with other stakeholders should revise the curricula for training nurse managers in order to develop courses that
will adequately prepare the nurses for the management roles in the health care organizations.
Attempt was made to observe the seasonal variation of phytoplankton population along with some parameters on
water quality of Jhagrasisa bheri, one of the wetlands in East, Kolkata, during 2012-2013 where the annual planktonic
population ranged between 5,666.4 and 67,777.7 u/l with a mean value of 23,762.6 u /l.
The observed phytoplankters are within 21 genera belonging to 5 class voice, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae,
Bacillariophyceae, Euglenophyceae and Xanthophyceae. Chlorophyceae and Cyanophyceae are the dominant among all
forms contributing 56.86 and 40.64% respectively of the total population in the ecosystem. The peak abundance of
phytoplankton was registered during post-monsoon with a mean of 26,310.73 u/l, while the lower population was
encountered in monsoon, mean value being 21,393.38 u/l. Among all groups, Euglenophyceae represented minimum
population during the study period, showing 0.55% towards the annual value.
The experimental work was conducted in the field No. 11 at the Research Farm of R.A.K. College of Agriculture,
Sehore, Madhya Pradesh under, All India Coordinated Research Project on soybean financed by ICAR, New Delhi.
Four replications (2treated + 2 untreated), treatments 50 Soybean genotypes/varieties. The grain yield range from 456.25 to
2375.00 kg/ha and 437.50 to 2263.00 kg/ha, in treated and untreated varieties, respectively. The grain yield loss % ranged
from 0.67 to 17.71 percent in different varieties. These varieties were further grouped in four categories, based on the
maximum - minimax method. Ten varieties were resistant, high yielding (R-HY), sixteen were resistant, low yielding (RLY),
Twenty three varieties were susceptible low yielding (S-LY) and one variety was susceptible high yielding (S-HY).
The present investigation revealed that, candies treated with R3 (80 % sugar solution + 1 % citric acid) showed
maximum TSS (80.79 ºBrix) and total sugar content (98.22%), whereas, the maximum titrable acidity (1.29%) and
ascorbic acid content (25.30%) were observed in R1 (60 % sugar solution + 1 % citric acid). The chemical characteristics
like TSS, titrable acidity, ascorbic acid and total sugar content were obtained maximum intreatmentD1 (Sun drying) in the
candies in her during the entire storage periods. The treatment combination R3D1 (80 % sugar solution + 1 % citric acid
and sun drying) recorded to have higher total sugar content (99.88%), whereas the paramount TSS (80.83 and 80.83 ºBrix)
and titrable acidity (1.30%) were recorded in treatments (R3D2 and R3D3) and R1D1, respectively.
The characteristic that all objects emit a certain amount of black body radiation as a function of their temperatures
was used in tracing the distribution of temperature in that black body. Generally speaking, the higher an object's temperature,
the more infrared radiation is emitted as black-body radiation. A special camera can detect this radiation in a way
similar to the way an ordinary camera detects visible light. It works even in total darkness because the ambient light level
does not matter. This makes it useful for rescue operations in wells.
The area where the idea is applied located at the Al Giran site west of Tripoli the capital of Libya. Al Green subjected
to an oil leakage took place along the W10 Al Zawya-Tripoli pipeline. Taking the advantage of the difference between
the temperature of the water and oil with their ambient, thermal scanning executing on the polluted site in order to
measure the thickness and areal extent of the oil plume polluting the groundwater.
The temperature of the fluids (Oil and Water) measured along the selected depth of the 25 drilled wells. The measured
temperatures showed variation along the depth from ambient temperature, as well as aurally. This variation in oil and
water temperatures enabled detecting the water, oil contact and its areal distribution on the polluted site subjected to remediation.
Comparing the time and cost of the technique applied to sampling groundwater technique appeared to be faster
and cheaper, besides giving more informative data.