TELECOMMUNICATION EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AS MEANS OF IMPROVEMENT OF QUALITY EDUCATION
Authors: Dmitry A. Cherepovsky, Tatyana P. Hlopova
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The problems of quality management of professional training, and also the analysis of the pedagogical, philosophical and special literature on management confirm existence of contradictions between the theory of quality management of professional training and practice requirements. One of the cores, in our opinion, is the contradiction between traditional kinds of educational methodical maintenance and need of practice for other forms of representation and processing of information materials. In particular, it is a question of introduction in educational process of information-computer technologies (ICT).
Today, ICT is a main part in all spheres of human activity and, first of all, an education. In educational institutions the amount of computer techniques, the size of telecommunication networks constantly increases, the systems of remote training appears. It causes the application of computer lecture demonstrations, virtual laboratory works, multimedia textbooks, etc. which compete to traditional types of training. The results of the pedagogical experiment lead by authors show, that the use of the various innovative technologies increases efficiency of educational process.
At the Kuban state technological university on faculty of physics the works on creation of a telecommunication educational system on physics are heled. The major problem at designing a telecommunication educational system was a selection of the contents of a teaching material according to programs, plans, specificity of professional training, with the offered purpose and a technique of its subsequent use. At that the contents of a telecommunication educational system should satisfy to training principles: systems, availability and the presentation. Except for educational methodical materials the system includes an opportunity of distance interactive interaction between participants of educational process (e-mail, forums, chats).
Training with the use of system are applying in all forms of training (internal, correspondence, distance learning). Upon the whole the telecommunication system should provide all traditional kinds of study in high school (lecture, seminars, laboratory works), scientific research work, self-preparation, course and degree designing, tests and examinations, etc. On the didactic purposes the it should provide the formation of knowledge and skills, offering of the educational information, fixing of the received knowledge, quality control of their digestion, perfection of skills.
At the Kuban state technological university it has been carried out psychological and pedagogical research by authors. Experiment has shown, that students of experimental group demonstrate more favorable mental conditions after educational studies in comparison with students of control group. Thus the main distinction consists in mental activation, that is the students involved in management by educational process, in essentially smaller degree feel weariness and listlessness after study.