In this original scientific work, an analysis of international criminal law provisions on command responsibility and criminal cases in the analysis of international jurisprudence. Also, the author emphasizes the relationship between the three basic principles (national and international) criminal law: (1) The principle of establishing guilt; (2) The principle of individual subjective liability; (3) The principle of the right to a fair trial.
Based on the results was the analysis and research, the author suggests changes to the legal text of Article 28 of the Rome Statute (Responsibility of commanders and other military commanders) and Article 7, Paragraph 3-4 of the Statute of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the former Yugoslavia since 1991 year. Said amendments would be resolved the contradictions between Article 25 and Article 28 of the Rome Statute.
Key words: Command Responsibility.
Abstract: Messages in this article refer to the relationship between municipal authority (“local government”) and villages in the time of their overall extinction. This work is also inspired by experience of investing too much energy illustrating the unpleasant reality of these villages, while fewer attempts have been made discovering the useful ways of managing the changes in these villages, which is given target here. Hence, this paper with its deductive approach initially sought for the principles of actions of the municipal authorities taken towards villages in extinction. Afterwards, significant space was given to the specific proposals.
Keywords: village, depopulation, public policy.
Serbian commerce is nowadays facing problems which require a number of urgent actions and provisions which also imply new economic philosophy of our development. It also implies new scientific research which hasn’t been written about up until now, and which is very important for businesses and their success.
New business models require new approach to business management, in other words its liquidity and solvency, which is the topic of this paper.
Key words: Management, managing, liquidity, solvency, profitability, market
As the business database stored and kept large amounts of mostly confidential business or personal information, often represent a great value for the organization in terms of business.
This is the main reason business database requires a high degree of safety. Particular attention should be paid to protect them from malicious activities, from unauthorized access through the Internet as well as from malicious use by the employees themselves in the business system. System for safe management business databases are an important tool in raising their productivity.
The ability to secure storage, access and management of data in such systems is becoming critical for any business system. For that reason, safety aspects of business databases are located in the center of information systems strategy of each company.
Keywords: database, a system database management, information systems, computer networks.
Environment education is an essential part of the educational process now days.
The contemporary society is facing a crisis for over a period of years, and the near future does not show much chance of ending it. The issue of ecological crisis is mentioned along with the economical crisis, which the contemporary society faces, or is very close to facing it. Environment education has become incorporated into our teaching process just recently.
The idea that the industrial systems should be under control of the living environment was not a part of theory or practice during most of the XX century. However, XXI century clearly shows that the issues of the living environment and the development cannot be separated, therefore the idea of substantial development has been developed in order to represent the sort of development needed to satisfy the needs of present times, and provide an idea for the future generations to satisfy their own needs. Without a proper environment education, a healthy environment would not exist as such.
Every country strives for a better environment education. However, the environmental issues have not been dealt with by the politics of economical development. In many countries, the concept of the living environment is much younger than it is in our country, while the USA has developed its own agency for environment protection. Environment education is incorporated into the teaching process as an independent subject, depending on the age of students, including the extent to which ecological content is incorporated into the curriculum, taking into consideration the educational profile and the connection to science subjects and ecology.
Key words: ecology, environment education, environment, protecting and improving the environment, economical development.
The notion of banks and banking management is differently interpreted and conceptualized, because of the different systems that bank as an institution operated. Bank as an institution has professionally role in the busines of taking and lending, but its most important role is in the creation of money. The bank often has a role in achieving the objectives of the economic policy of a country, but also it has the function of the payment system. On the other hand, from the aspect of management that involves management in all business areas, from the point of view of banking system, the management could be explained as the concept of banking operations. Strategic management is a contemporary style of organizational management that is based on the new business philosophy in the management of financial and real growth factors of the organization.
Keywords: strategic management, banking, banking management, quality, growth factors.
The main objective of the research in this paper is defined ownership structure of fruit production in the territory of the Upper Danube, while understanding the diversity of municipalities previously mentioned characteristics. Accordingly, based on the average values, the survey of fruit production by type of ownership over the fruit plantations (companies, cooperatives and family farms) in the Upper Danube municipalities of Serbia (Apatin, Sombor, Bač and Bačka Palanka) since 2007 to 2011.
It was pointed out that the share of land under orchards in the usable agricultural area of about 4.7%. The largest share of the average area of orchards (average values for the period 2007-2011) companies, cooperatives and family farms in the average agricultural area achieves Bačka Palanka (1.3%), while the average area under orchards mostly owned by family farms (in Apatin 100%). Bač resulted the highest average yield per tree for apples (40.1 kg/tree) and plums (27.9 kg/tree).
Keywords: used agricultural areas, areas under orchards, fruit yield, Upper Danube, type of ownership.
Автор исследует проблему отношения глобализации и сербской идентичности. Он указывает на значение идентичности и попитку унифицирования многих культурных институтов. Культурные изменения прямо связаны с изменениями идентичности. Малые народы сопротивляются этим изменениям, в том числе и Сербия.
Ключевые слова: Идентичность, Сербия, гибридизация, культура, глобализация, столкновение, изменение, отрыв
In this study, we present the management control function at the control system, pointing to the different assistive devices for controlling, the critical review of the problems that the manager faced carrying out its function of controlling the business in commercial banks.
Therefore, we will serve the literature and experience of banking management developed market economies with a simultaneous effort to create a possible conception of the function of controlling the development of banking management in our country.
Since in our country, we have no clear concept of commercial banking yet, from the point of view of system solution, as well as from the point of view of banking management like commercial banks in the market economies, we believe that any attempt at presenting possible solutions in the development of the banking functions of management in any circumstances represents reason of discussion and constituting of banking management system.
Keywords: banks, control, management, economy.
Issues related to the conditions that are conducive to the promotion of science, technology and innovation, play a very important role in the consideration of methods for encouraging economic growth in the knowledge economy. Comprehensiveness of innovation policy is incomparably broader than the development policy of science and technology, as well as industrial policy. Thanks to the use of a wide range of measures and to a variety of applied instruments, an innovation policy has established itself as the leading component of economic development policy of most countries in the contemporary business environment.
Key words: Innovation, Innovativeness of the economy, Innovation policy, Knowledge economy.