Starting with the stance that the basic cause of low competitiveness of a country is its innovative lagging behind, the paper compares the levels of competitiveness, innovativeness and their basic determinants of world’s economic and technological leaders and Serbia. Lagging of Serbia behind the most technologically leading world’s economies is present with all factors of innovativeness and is especially evident in terms of market sophistication.
Key words: innovativeness , competitiveness, market sophistication.
Инновации в регионах стали приоритетным направлением государства, поэтому актуальна проблема стимулирования инновационной деятельности, а значит и анализа её мотивации. Теоретико-методологическую базу исследования составила система взглядов ученых на проблему инновационной мотивации. В работе представлены авторское определение инновационной мотивации и гипотеза о разделении мотива и стимула, рассмотрены факторы формирования мотивации и стимулы инновационного процесса. Автор предполагает, что важную роль в создании инноваций играет психологический аспект и, что инновационная культура может являться действенным инструментом инновационной мотивации.
Ключевые слова: инновационная мотивация, инновационная деятельность, инновационный процесс, стимул инновационного развития.
Electronic exchanges represent the most important model of B2B (business-to-business) electronic business. B2B electronic business is collaboration which is established between organizations (private or public, profit or nonprofit organizations) by internet. The collaboration can be achieved between an organization and its partners in the same supply chain or between various organizations regardless of some supply chain. The basic characteristic of B2B electronic business is that organizations try to automatize trade process in order to improve it. In automatization of the process, electronic markets (e-markets) and electronic exchanges as a special form of the markets have specific role. Subject of research in this paper is characteristics, components and classification of electronic exchanges, critical success factors and criteria for evaluation of the exchanges as well.
Key words: electronic exchanges, internet business, B2B model of electronic business
The subject of the paper are effects of legislative application that are directly or indirectly related to matter of entrepreneurship who, in order to gain profit perform certain economic activity independently, strives to find successful business ideas and implement them on the market according to current legislation. The goal of the paper is to demonstrate that existing legal regulative does not provide sufficient protection of entrepreneurial sector, although there are enacted series of laws that are directly or indirectly related to entrepreneurial matter, whose application should enable recovery of entrepreneurial sector, economic development and higher employment of population. The paper starts with hypothesis that in Serbia the activity of entrepreneurs is made more difficult primary due to unfavorable conditions of market operations, difficulties in collecting payments, high taxes and unfair competition. Defined hypothesis is approved in the paper through comparative analysis of outstanding legislation and its effects on entrepreneurs operations in practice. Enactment of the law that would specially and in many details regulate the institute of entrepreneur, as well as introduction of new incentives and exemptions for entrepreneurial activity would create good foundation for future development of this institute which should be one of promoters of lapsed economy in Serbia.
Key words: entrepreneur, entrepreneurial activity, new legislation.
Initially, production is a process of transformation of certain inputs in some required outputs in a form of goods or services. In that way, function of production could not be implemented strictly on manufacturing sector but also other activities, such as civil engineering or transportation, health and even to some sectors of administration.
The goal of consultants is to advise managers when needed, what is the optimal way to accomplish production goals.
During carrying out of its functions, consultant in production management in most of the cases could measure and estimate efficiency of his work very precisely. Considering previous, consultants are in much better position than their colleagues in other fields, as strategic management and working management.
Key words: consulting, production, technology, work environment
This paper explores the involvement of a Serbian non-government organization in solving the existential problems of ''internally displaced persons and refugees'' that are temporarily residing in Serbian territory. To some extent, the participation of other entities in the activities of this organization has been explained. Based on the obtained information, an analysis of this engagement has been made. Suggestions were made regarding such activities, taking into account maintenance of the previous territorial placement of the population.
Key words: associations, Serbia, farms
The modern world is painted with constant changes, in which the key to economic success lies in their ability to understand and adapt to new optimal business environment. Society today is fragmented many lines - horizontal, vertical, and even pitched - the equally numerous and interesting opposing groups. These interests oppose a force that can not be ignored. The force field impose certain moves and actions, even if the relevant actors have quite different orientations. The forces produced by interweaving dynamic tendencies that generate the appropriate effects, and participants are not able, or to modify or to eliminate them. This complex limitation act and impose the very same force and inexorability, as well as standard static constraints that economists are so close and are part of their normal analytical instruments.
In accordance with available elements of competitiveness of bee products production (primarily natural conditions and long tradition), all stakeholders within the beekeeping in Serbia have to approach more aggressive and from many aspects to the issues of development of mentioned segment of livestock breeding, especially during the period of constant growth of prices and demand for these products in the world.
In paperwork was determined contribution margin in honey production within the system of mobile beekeeping on the territory of Pančevo city (production capacity of 50 hives). Also, it was analyzed the level of sensitivity of honey production caused by oscillations in obtained yields and prices of honey at local market, or by change of costs that appear in this production.
Key words: contribution margin, mobile beekeeping, Pančevo.
The economic crisis in the European Union is still in progress, although it started back in the 2008. The author of the paper investigates the reasons for its occurrence as well as the stabilization measures taken by the European Union. He explores all the measures taken in order to strengthen economic management. He especially focused on the emergence of banking and debt crises. In the given context the author especially examined the problems of national debt and the ECB anti-crisis measures.
Key words: European union, crisis, stabilization measures, economic management, banking and debt crises, ECB anti-crisis measures.
Wheat is the most important cereal and a strategic product of each national economy. In this regard , the authors of this paper focuses its research put the production and marketing of these crops . Production, processing and marketing of wheat globally tend to increase , while in our production and reduce turnover . The reasons for the fall in production was the lack of economic interest to invest in the production of wheat , the costs are often higher than income , there are disparities price uncertainty placements etc. . Production ensures food security and exports very modest . The average annual production is about 2 million tons , of which the market deliver about 300 tons mainly through organized purchase . Wheat exports over the period, modest , amounting to an average of 300 000 tonnes and was drastically reduced in the last two years . Imports of wheat is symbolic , but if the negative trend in production is expected that the traditional net exporters become an importer of wheat bread.
Modern way of business practice nowadays, beside capital, employees and working space, also includes mobbing as a part of daily routine. Violence at workplace, especially psychological kind, is something that occurs daily. The domain of violence is various, from ignorance, yelling, work overload, to humiliation, underestimation and mocking. Situation is ultimately serious especially for an honest and hardworking employee who wants to earn his salary in an honest way doing the job he is qualified for, without disturbing the other employees. Exactly this described situation presents a perfect mobbing victim over whom a mobbe, abuser person, practices sophisticated activities to harm and do anjustice over a victim. For a mobber, aim of abusing the others is overcoming personal shortcomings by tortuting his colleagues and associates. The solution to this problem is to be searched for in Law and legislation and aggressive media commercials and campaigns fighting this phenomenon. Mobbing victims should necessarily be supported and given protection, it should be clearly defined and formulated what to do and who to refer to if they are noticed.
Кey words: Mоbbing, моbber, violence, prevention, моbbing victim…
The period from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the First World War for the Serbian people was filled with thunderous war and peace activities aimed liberation and unification. After the Balkan Wars, Turkey was finally banished from almost all over the Balkans, and Serbia has a decisive role in these wars, carried not only the liberation of Kosovo, Metohija and Vardar area already and gained a great reputation among their brethren in the Austro-Hungary. Habsburgs monarchy is now in Serbia saw a dangerous opponent and obstacle to the further penetration of east. First World War brought about the collapse of the Austro -Hungary and Serbia to win with greate victims. There is , with the assistance of the great powers and the creation of the first Yugoslav state (non-Bulgarians). This country is united, winners and losers. The animosity of the two parties, and the loyalty of the central government were and are insoluble problem. At the beginning of the dispute broke out in the first Constitution, but later changes had been made under pressure from without and from within, but without permanent result. Simple in one component of the State of Croatia, there was a sincere desire to preserve it.
Keywords: King, the Constitution, the monarchy, Yugoslavia.