Organization of environmental preservation activities in Russia (based on materials by I. I. Sprygin)
Authors: Larisa A. Koroleva, Sergei D. Morozov, Svetlana F. Artemova, Alla G. Vazerova, Nataliya V. Miku
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The article deals with the genesis of environmental preservation activities in Russia, based on sources of one of its pioneers, an ecologist and botanist, Ivan Ivanovich Sprygin (1873–1942), a native of Penza region. The scientist worked on local history methodology, social ecology and environmental management, although he didn’t use the definition of the "environmental management" in his work, since it had not yet been introduced into the scientific circulation. The terms "nature preservation" and "environmental management" were registered in the reference dictionary of N. F. Reymers (1990).
The scientific expedition activities of I. I. Sprygin took place mainly in central Russia, in the most densely populated forest-steppe part of the East European plain, east to the Dnieper river valley.
I. I. Sprygin regarded to the natural science facts as the integral parts of the geographic environment, constantly consumed by man. The researcher proved, that the irrational consumption would lead to depletion and destruction of nature, therefore, the population should be engaged in protection and preservation of the nature potential.
I. I. Sprygin participated in the organization and activities of the Penza Naturalists Society, Penza Natural Sciences society, local Lore museum, Scientific Archives committee, Botanical Garden, herbarium and etc, who were engaged in accumulation and systematization of social and economic history of the region data, gathering material cultural artifacts, the study of natural and historical regional conditions, nature knowledge propaganda and etc.