Psychological Parameters Models Personalities of Young Internet Worker
Authors: Zaitsev D., Eygelis G.
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The article analyzes from a psychological point of view a new phenomenon of youth employment — virtual distance labour. The Internetwork is interpreted by the authors as a special form of professional activity outside the traditional workplace, based on virtual interaction, to satisfy individual (personal), social and societal needs using electronic information and communication resources. With many advantages, Internet employment generates a complex of social psychological problems that are not actually investigated by representatives of modern psychology both abroad and in Russia (for example, employer’s stress due to the inability to promptly influence the activities of the Internet worker, to control the quality of his work; stress of the Internet worker, due to the risk of not getting paid for the work done; development of the teleworker's isolation (alexithymia); reduction of his initiative, sociability). The methodology of the psychological study of the phenomenon is primarily represented by the concepts of positive psychology. A productive methodological basis is a complex of psychological tools (neuropsychiatric adaptation test, modified MMPI test, test for assessing the level of reactive and personal anxiety, test Life Satisfaction Index, five-factor personality questionnaire 5PFQ. The study found that for every third a young Internet worker is characterized by neuropsychiatric instability, signs of stress (37.5%); for every fourth — the likelihood of borderline mental pathology, neurotization, and the likelihood of a pronounced mental pathology (25% each). Low level of life satisfaction is observed in 27% of Internet workers, medium and high — in 36.5% (equally). Half of respondents record a high level of personal anxiety, which reflects the risk of self-employment. this affects the moral stability of specialists, reduces their level of sociability, contributes to the formation of alexithymic traits. The combination of these features leads to the fact that for many Internet workers (67%) important samples the problem becomes the provision of self-discipline, self-control of virtual labor activity. Almost as many respondents seek to solve these problems to achieve independence (63%), in particular, developing the ability to have an optimistic worldview. The results of the study make a significant contribution to the psychology of work, the psychology of youth in the form of new theoretical and empirical knowledge, methodological developments in the field of measurement psychological parameters of the subject of activity and contributes to the formation of a new direction in social psychology — the psychology of virtual remote work.