The prospects for the use of plants in the genus Elaeagnus in the pharmaceutical and food industry
Authors: Salnikova N., Tsibizova A., Shur Yu.
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The article presents the literature data on the systematics and botanical nomenclature of various representatives of plants of the genus Elaeagnus, morphological and diagnostic features and ecological features of the growth of these plant species in arid areas. The data on the use of various species of the genus Elaeagnus in folk medicine and food industry of East and Central Asia, Hindustan, Transcaucasia and the Russian Federation. The fruits of the sucker are eaten both raw and dry. In the food industry, the fruits are flour, sweet berry wine and alcohol. The fruit pulp contains about 40% carbohydrates, half of which is fructose. In the agro–industrial complex, the fruits of the sucker are feed for poultry. In addition, the literature review provides information on the establishment of physiological, biological and pharmacological activity of various representatives of the genus Elaeagnus. The chemical composition of plant extracts of this genus and the phytochemical characteristics of individual species are described in detail. It is shown that plant extracts of the genus Elaeagnus have antimicrobial, insecticidal, antiviral, antioxidant, wound healing, anti–inflammatory, antimutagenic, anti-tumor and other effects. Means obtained on the basis of raw materials of different species of plants of the genus Elaeagnus are used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, upper respiratory tract, urinary and cardiovascular systems and is used as a tonic and multivitamin. The chemical composition of extracts of the majority of representatives of the genus Elaeagnus containing various biologically active components, including β–carbolic alkaloids, polysaccharides, esters, Flavon glycosides, phenols, phenolic acids, ketones, pyrimidine and phenyl esters, steroids and terpenes, interchangeable and essential amino acids and nutraceuticals, vitamins and fatty acids is described. The above information updates furthermore detailed study of biological activities of plants of the genus Elaeagnus growing in the Russian Federation in order to expand the Arsenal of domestic herbal remedies.