Public expertise of laws and legislative acts as a form of civil society’s participation in the law of civil society
Authors: Kudashkina, E., & Khudoikina, T.
Number of views: 215
Today the urgent direction of researches is the Institute of public (civil) examination in the legislative process, namely its order, structure and a form of carrying out. As the object of research public examination of bills and acts as a form of participation of civil society in lawmaking acts. The research represents the analysis of the degree of a legislative adjustment of the procedure of conducting the public examination, use of its results at the completion of the bill, legal status of subjects of implementation of public examination. In this regard, a research objective is the analysis of the mechanism of realization of public examination as one of the kinds of specialized examinations of the definition of quality of bills. The principles of systemic, complexity, objectivity, and also legalistic, comparative and legal methods of scientific knowledge of legal reality are the methodological basis for a research.
On the basis of the conducted research where it is made scientifically based conclusions, among them, need of a specification of a feedback mechanism between the subject of public examination and lawmaking body for increase in effectiveness of public examination; an accurate regulation of terms of carrying out and a possibility of control of the accounting of the remarks specified in the expert opinion. In particular, the idea of the development of the federal law for the regulation of the public relations arising in the course of conducting public examination is offered. It was established that conducting public examination promotes active and effective cooperation between the public and the power in the major political sphere — legislative activity.
And also, positive value of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation concerning its practice of conducting public examination was revealed that promotes ensuring continuous interaction of citizens with public authorities of all levels and local government bodies for identification, coordination and the accounting of certain requirements and interests of citizens, protection of their rights and freedoms, and also rights of public associations in the course of realization of public policy.