The article discusses the military operations and propaganda activities on the Eastern front of World War II in 1941-1942. The authors used the materials of personal origin of combatants, as well as researches associated with military operations and the influence of propaganda activities in the initial period of war on the Eastern front. The methodological basis of the study were the principles of objectivity and historicism, suggesting an unbiased approach to the analysis of the studied problems, a critical attitude to the sources, the judgments in the analysis of the totality of the facts and the screening phenomena in the development and the context of the historical situation. The author concludes that in the initial period of war on the Eastern front (1941-1942) propaganda was used extensively the results of military operations. In 1941 and 1942, the Red army suffered the several major defeats, this fact immediately used by the German propaganda organization. Only repressive measures helped the Eastern front of Red army to hold under these conditions.
The article describes the German military and civil advocacy on Krasnodar territory during the German occupation in 1942-1943. Pre-war events that have created fertile ground for the effective impact of propaganda are in focus. Documents of Central and regional Russian archives were used as materials for this article. The documents, stored in Fund № 69 (partisan movement headquarters) of the Russian State archive of socio-political history are essential for representing military German propaganda. The major part of the documents related to the civil advocacy is deposited in Fund Р-493 (Eysk City Council) of the Krasnodar region State archive. In conclusion, the authors note that propaganda is the most effective, when applied to the “fertile soil”. During the pre-war period, on the territory of Krasnodar region all conditions have been met for cooperation with the enemy to manifest itself en masse and in all its’ diversity: military and civilian.
The article discusses the role of the cossacks, acting on the part of the German army during the Second world war. The attention is paid to the pre-war development of the cossack organizations in emigration, the reasons that prompted the cossack leadership to act on the side of Germany. Among the materials there are used the numerous publications, published in the mid-1990s – early 2000s. Besides, the paper uses the archival documents of the state archive of the Krasnodar Krai. As an additional source there are also brought the materials of interviews with soviet military personnel and persons residing in the occupied territory. In conclusion, the authors note that the reasons for the involvement of immigrants in the war on Germany's side lie in the events of the civil war 1917-1922 years. The german invasion in the Soviet Union was an attempt of revenge – an attempt to return home for a significant number of representatives of emigration. The effective service of the cossacks on the Eastern front was already appreciated in 1942 by the German leadership and the cossacks, one of the first, were recognized by Germany as their allies.
The article discusses the propaganda of the Third Reich on the territory of the Baltic States during the Second world war. The authors have selected as sources of post-soviet historiography on the Baltic States during the Second world war, as well as materials of personal origin – the memoirs of german and soviet military commanders and representatives of the administration. We used the historical-situational method, which involves the study of historical facts in the context of the reviewed period in conjunction with the "neighboring" events and facts. In particular, the historical-situational method was used when considering the history of the Baltic army units in the Wehrmacht and the Red army. The authors conclude that the german administration in the Baltic States has received the quite substantial support for its armed forces. However, this support could be even more serious if the German administration has gone on another propaganda move – the timely recognition of the Baltic States as allies.
The article deals with modern methods of propaganda in the protracted local conflict between the Democratic People's Republic and the Republic of Korea. Materials in use in this article are the mass media archives, official records of the states and international organizations, as well as scientific publications. General scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, concretization, generalizations) and traditional methods of historical analysis were used in solving research tasks. We worked with the historical-situational method that involves the study of historical facts in the context of the era, applied to the "neighboring" events and facts. In particular, this method has been used extensively in examining the role of propaganda in the Cold war between the DPRK and the ROK. In conclusion, the author notes that in the context of the Cold war, propaganda is an effective means of psychological pressure. On the example of the conflict between North and South Korea the use of sound broadcasting can be seen, as well as launching balloons with humanitarian aid on the territory of North Korea.
The article discusses the propaganda campaigns of the German army in 1944 and, in particular, describes one of the largest German propaganda operations on the Eastern front – the operation "East Scorpion". The attention is paid to the process of establishing a Committee for the liberation of the peoples of Russia. The author concludes that, if these operations would be undertaken 2 years earlier, the result could be different. In 1944, time has been irretrievably lost, and the formation of the Russian national government did not play a decisive role in the Second World War.