The article based on the extensive materials discusses the Green Army periodicals during the civil war in Russia. Among the sources there are the archival materials of the central, regional and local Russian archives. The great importance for the researcher are presented the published transcripts of conventions and meetings in the official press Committee for the liberation of the Black Sea province (CLBP), which impartially convey the atmosphere that prevailed in the meeting rooms. In the transcripts is clearly set out the position of various factions on issues, that can more fully represent the diversity of speaker judgments. These materials are also help to create a view on the political priorities of the factions, political portraits of their leaders.
The occupation authorities believed that the propaganda is the most important method of controlling the occupied territory of the North Caucasus. The tasks to ensure the loyalty of the population, to create the social support for the occupation regime were transferred to propaganda. The implementation of propaganda was preceded by a long and serious training, the establishment of special propaganda bodies, development programs of outreach activities. Almost all employees of the occupation administration among the population of the occupied territories were involved to propaganda work. But its effectiveness was significantly reduced due to the nature of the occupation policy.
Cinema (thanks TV, video, DVD and internet technologies) is an effective means of influence (including political, ideological) to the audience. Therefore, the study of the transformation of the image of the Western world on the Soviet screen today is still important. Among the objectives of this study — the definition of the place and role of the theme of transformation of the image of the West in the feature Soviet cinema since 1946 (the start of the post-war ideological confrontation) to 1991 (fall of the Soviet Union) year; the study of political, ideological, social, and cultural context, the main stages of development, goals, objectives, concepts of this topic in the Soviet films; classification and comparative analysis of ideology, content models, modifications genres stereotypes of Soviet cinema, associated with the image of the Western world. The research methodology is based on key philosophical positions of the theory of dialogue between cultures (M. Bakhtin – V. Bibler). The study is based on substantial research approach (identifying the content of the process under study, taking into account the totality of its elements, the interaction between them, of their nature, refer to the facts, analysis and synthesis of theoretical opinions, etc.), the historical approach — consideration of the particular historical development of the Western world topic Soviet cinema. An analysis of this kind of media texts is particularly important for media literacy education of future historians, culture and film art historians, sociologists, linguists, psychologists and educators.
The article discusses the role of propaganda in the civil war in the African Republic of Rwanda. The attention is paid to the role of the so-called "Free radio" and "television of a thousand hills". The materials for the preparation of this article are the media archives, official reports of governments and international organizations, as well as scientific articles and studies. There were used such scientific methods as analysis and synthesis, concretization, generalization while solving the research tasks. In addition, the paper used the historical-situational method, involving the study of historical facts in the context of the period under review in conjunction with the "neighboring" events and facts. The author came to the conclusion that the conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda is also an example of how the media was used to promote hate for the purpose of genocide, and how conflicts are dealt with using simplified concepts and their deeper causes and characteristics are ignored, which only exacerbates the problem. Similarly, intentional or not, the propaganda in the media becomes an integral part of what is happening in the world of local conflicts, fracturing the society, aggressive tuning of its representatives against each other and creating obstacles to compromise.