The Latest Methods of Reconstruction of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Creative Heritage: the Foundations of Optoelectronic Textual Criticism
Authors: Viktor F. Molchanov
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When studying the manuscript heritage of any author the task of deciphering of the texts unavailable for visual reading arises. These are author’s and censor’s strikethrough texts, field labels, erasures, various corrections, decay of the text when in storage. Modern information technologies and optoelectronic methods considerably enhance opportunities for studying hand-written texts and provide scholars with new tools of basic disciplines, such as source studies, paleography, archaeography, codicology and textual criticism. The Manuscript Department of the National Library of Russia elaborated a technique of examination and description of the documents, preparation of the publications, among them facsimile, that permits to conduct researches on the reconstruction of incomplete texts, to give an expert opinion on technical, editorial and other modifications of the manuscripts, to restore an original, authentic text of the resource. The article presents the results of codicological analysis of Dostoevsky’s manuscripts: the description of an optoelectronic method for reconstruction of the strikethrough fragments of the hand-written text, the restored strikethrough fragments in the letters of F.M.Dostoevsky to A.E. Vrangel dated by March 23, 1856, July 14, 1856, March 9, 1857 are published.