Exploration of Ethnomedicinal Flora Used Against Various Human Ailments in Moist Temperate Himalayas of District Bagh, Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Authors: Sajid Safeer, Rizwan Sarwar, Saeed Khalil, Ubaid-ul-Hassan and Sheikh Muhammad Farhan Anwar
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Present studies have been carried out to access, document and describe the ethno-medicinal potential of three different sites of projected area. Structured, semi structured and open ended questionnaires as well as detailed oral interviews of local inhabitants were the methodology to gather valuable knowledge. A total of 34 ethnomedicinally important taxa belonging to 25 families were reported. Among them, 2 were Pteridophytes, 3 were Gymnosperms while the remaining 29 were Angiosperms. Asteraceae contributed a significant number of species (4 spp.), followed by Pinaceae (3 spp.), Ranunculaceae, Aracaceae, Violaceae and Poaceae (2 spp. each) while remaining 19 families represented single species. Regarding habit, 22 herbs, 7 shrubs and 5 trees were documented. Mode of administration of the medicinal flora was as, 27 plants were applied externally while 7 species had both internal and external applications. Majority of the reported taxa were used to cure multiple type of diseases e.g. 12 species for gastrointestinal disorders, followed by respiratory diseases (9 spp.), muscular malfunctions (6 spp.) and hepatic disorders (4 spp.). In addition, three plant species were used against skin problems, eye infections, fever and headache and urinogenital troubles, while two species each were used for cardiovascular and neruro malfunctions. Only one plant was used against snake bite.