Victims of Occupational Accidents Considering Hardiness, Perceived Social Support, Risk Perception, and PTSD Injuries (Posttraumatic Disorder) and Depression Psychological Factors: A Review
Authors: Abdollah Motamedi Shalamzari , Azita Kharaman, Bita Ghambari
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The presented study aims to investigate psychological factors in people who are suffered
from occupational accidents and injuries. The method of the review is post-event or casual-comparative
method, which is performed through available sampling from Ilam province (two groups of 25 injured and
25 non-injured people that have been matched). Mississippi structured inventory, Beck depression
inventory, perceived social support questionnaire, Kobasa hardiness inventory, and risk perception
inventory are used for data collection. Independent t-test was used to compare means, which was
significant at 95% confidence level. But this difference was not significant in Mississippi questionnaire.
Also, significance level in correlations was less than 0.05 indicating a correlation between them.
Depression was seen in sample group but there were no symptoms of PTSD. The correlation studies also
have shown the important role of perceived social support of individuals from family and others in
development of this disorder, and that this factor has shown a good relation with hardiness (especially in
challenge sub-scale) and risk perception.