Anti-quorum sensing and anti-biofilm formation activities of plant extracts from South Korea
Authors: Okhee Choi, Dong-Wan Kang, Su Kyung Cho, Yeyeong Lee, Byeongsam Kang, Juyoung Bae, Seunghoe Kim, Jeong Hoon Lee, Seung Eun Lee, Jinwoo Kim
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Objective: To investigate anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) and anti-biofilm formation (anti- BF) activities of the ethanol extracts of 388 plants. Methods: The anti-QS activity of the plant extracts was evaluated by disc-diffusion assays using the bio-reporter strain, Chromobacterium violaceum CV017. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, Yersinia enterocolitica ATCC 9610, and Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58, which possess QS systems, were used to evaluate the anti- BF activity of the plant extracts. Results: Among 388 plant extracts, the Cornus controversa (C. controversa) and Cynanchum wilfordii extracts exhibited the strongest anti-QS activity. The C. controversa extract exhibited anti-BF activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Yersinia enterocolitica and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, whereas the Cynanchum wilfordii extract exhibited no anti-BF activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, the C. controversa extract suppressed soft rot of cabbage. Conclusions: The C. controversa extract inhibits bacterial QS and BF, and is capable of controlling soft rot. Therefore, this extract has potential for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections and for the development of alternatives to antibiotics.