Comparative mosquito repellency of essential oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say)
Authors: Siriporn Phasomkusolsil, Mayura Soonwera
Number of views: 240
Objective: To assess the repellency to female Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti), Anopheles dirus
(An. dirus) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) of seven essential oils using two
treatment methods. Methods: Topical applications of three dose concentrations (0.02, 0.10 and
0.21 mg/cm2) were made on the forearms of volunteers. Dose-response study and protection time
study were employed in the experiment. Results: In the dose-response test, Cymbopogon citratus
(C. citratus), Cymbopogon nardus (C. nardus), Syzygium aromaticum (S. aromaticum) and Ocimum
basilicum (O. basilicum) exhibited a high repellency against Ae. aegypti with ED50 at < 0.045 mg/
cm2, whereas C. citratus, C. nardus and S. aromaticum showed repellency against An. dirus with
ED50 at <0.068 mg/cm2. Furthermore, the essential oils of C. citratus, C. nardus, S. aromaticum, O.
basilicum and Cananga odorata gave strong effective dose (ED50) values at <0.003 mg/cm2 when
tested against Cx. quinquefasciatus. For testing by arm in cage method, at 0.21 mg/cm2, protection
time of C. citratus gave the longest lasting period against three mosquito species, 72 min for Ae.
aegypti, 132 min for An. dirus and 84 min for Cx. quinquefasciatus. In addition, the two essential
oils exhibited moderate repellency against Ae. aegypti, An. dirus and Cx. quinquefasciatus,
at 60, 90 and 78 min with C. nardus, and 54, 96 and 72 min with S. aromaticum, respectively.
Conclusions: The percentage repellency increased when the concentration of essential oils
increased. In contrast, biting rates decreased when the concentration of essential oils increased.
C. citratus exhibited high efficiency for the protection time and the percentage of biting deterrent
against all of 3 mosquito species.