Occupational Stress Markers in One Population of Babino Cultural Circle. Exploration of Water Resources
Authors: Kozak Alexandra
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Nomadic pastoralism is considered to be the background economical strategy of tribes of the Babino archaeological culture.
In course of climate changes, which became dry and continental at the Middle Bronze Age period, at the beginning of
II Millennium B.C., it is assumed that some of the tribes partly switched to a sedentary lifestyle. They have to adopt themselves to
the environment by using all available recourses. In addition to the agriculture, such populations could have practice sheep-, or
pig- breading, hunting and fishing. The last one could become more significant for the populations, which settled in river valleys.
At the Sugokleja Barrow 14 burials, attributed to Babino culture, were excavated in 2004. The basic anthropological and
palaeopathological macroscopic analyses were conducted for sex, age, stature determination and for tracing teeth, bones and
joint diseases as well as occupational markers on the skeletons.
Our investigation reveals some changes in the external and middle ear region, namely external auditory exostoses (EAE), at 3
individals in the group. Besides of that, signs of Tuba auditiva inflammation like caries of its wall and asymmetric narrowing of
the canal’ diameter were found in other 2 cases, signs of chronicle Otitis media and Mastoiditis were present at all individuals in
the group. All individuals, that had changes at External Auditory Canal were male older than 25. The EAE thus was found at
27,3% of adult individuals.
EAE nowadays is wildly known for surfers, kayakers, swimmers and in general in water-related sports and professions,
because of cold-water and/or chill wind impact to the ear. For the ancient populations it is considered that the salt- or sweet
water related occupation like fishing, swimming, diving for shellfish, sailing, ship-building and etc. are responsible for the onset of
the ear pathology.
The hypotheses concerned exploration of water resourses by the inhabitance of Sugokleja Valley is confirmed by the results of
general health status, trauma and specific marks on the bones. From the other hand, the complexes of health indicators do not
contradict the main theory on pastoral life way of this part of population.