The paper deals with some aspects of site structure of Epigravettian bison hunters in North-west Pontic region on the base of key sites – Anetivka II and Big Akkarzha. There exist two main approaches toward their interpretation:
• V.N. Stanko considered Anetivka II to be the cult (religious) centre of several bison hunters’ communities due to large bone-and-flint macro-assemblage, while separate micro-complexes were regarded as the places of cutting of hunted bison carcasses;
• I.V. Sapozhnikov interprets small complexes of accumulated archaeological material as reflection of seasonal household activity of individual hunter families (Big Akkarzha); macro-complexes, on the opinion of this author, can be the result of multi-layer accumulation of separate micro-complexes (Big Akkarzha), as well as of periodical «floor» / territory cleaning activity at the site (Anetivka II).
Both above mentioned sites can be compared in two ways:
• similarity: the presence of archaeological micro-assemblages and discrete small complexes consisting predominantly of bones and flint implements; the same spatial structure (in principle); the same object of hunting (bison bones prevail at both sites); the same technical and typological composition of investigated flint collections;
• difference: the size of site territory (the area of Anetivka II is several times more than Big Akkarzha); amount of flint implements (collection of Anetivka II is much more numerous); amount of bone implements (bone artefacts collection of Anetivka II is large and diverse in contrast to Big Akkarzha).
Thus the differences, identified between the sites has quantitative character and don’t relate to factors of economical structure.
This article attempts to reveals the transformation of burial structures in conjunction architecture- ideology, based on careful analysis of key monuments, such as Barrow 4 near the village Prybuzhany and Barrow 2 near the village Vynogradnyi Sad (Grape Garden) with a clear chronological and cultural markers.
The article to deal with the separate area of the necropolis in Olbia that has reasonable boundaries in the historic landscape. On the basis of thorough research funerary monuments there were made some general conclusions. All Hellenistic funeral objects are represented with underground crypts. These crypts were constructed for the pair families. Members of these wealthy families were connected, may be, with external trade relations.
The article is considered the terracotta of the roman soldier, which probably discovered during the predatory searches on the territory of Olbian chora. It offers a version of the thracian origin of warriors, and involvement to the auxiliary troops of the roman army, which was stationed on the territory of Olbia state in the I-II century A. D.
This publication provides a preliminary analysis of a rich female burial, which was found by accident. Based on found artifacts it can be attributed to the time of Golden Horde – XIII-XIV centuries. Such burials are very rare in the Northern Black Sea, as actually and throughout the former Golden Horde.
This article examines the history and archaeological research on the island of Berezan. The authors examine the contribution of scholars and students interns Mykolaiv educational institute of history, political science and law in the study of settlements and necropolis in the last decade in the context of historical reconstruction of life as Greek and non-Greek population so the island at different times.
The author based on new archaeological and numismatic materials research examines the thesis of M. Russev and A. Melnikov of the possible existence in the territory of the monument to the Dniprovs’ke-2 Genoese castle Lerici.
The article describes the activities of Berislav’ City Council (Mis’ka Duma) on trade and industry in the second half of XIX – at the beginning XX century, regulations governing the development of trade, industry, a list of industrial companies and trading enterprises. The author offers a many amount of statistical material, lists of vowels, tables reveal the population growth of the city Berislav, the amount of real property, the city’s budget.
The article is based on material of Russian and Ukrainian archives, some of which are first introduced to the scientific use, the article attempts to detailed reconstruction of some events in the life of M. Rubinstein in Odessa. The scientific importance of the subject due to the fact that the figure for objective reasons historian for many years remained unnoticed by scholars and biographers. In the life of a scientist any research of his biography were possible only in the context of current policy. In the last quarter century there was a revival of attention to life scientists M. Rubinstein. Nevertheless in the Russian and Ukrainian historiography no full curriculum vitae historian. There are attempts to write such works, but they are not without factual omissions, errors. One of the reasons that led to this situation is the inability of the authors of development and the introduction of various scientific use of sources. Trying objective study of the Odessa M. Rubinstein period of life based on a systematic study of archival materials, new reading and rethinking his work to offer a new model for the reconstruction of the biography of the historian, study his life world, study the model of historical writing, determine the level and type of sending his historical knowledge in the context of historical science. Implementation attempt a detailed reconstruction of various aspects of M. Rubinstein based on documentary sources and an opportunity to establish more deeply analyse the circumstances of scientific activities that contributed to his nomination in the front ranks of Soviet historical science. Using prosopohrafic approach these circumstances make it possible to determine the relevance and demand studies on life’s journey M. Rubinstein in 1897-1931 years, which is associated with a geographical plane Odessa. Setting these same issues in the context of research on the activities of the Odessa historian, as a whole today is an absolute innovation research. Much attention is paid to such problems as for higher education in the historical period of reform of higher education and post-graduate studies in the making of a network of research institutions in the Ukrainian SSR. Although these problems are developed in recent years within the intelligence on the history of higher education and science in Odessa, various aspects of their insufficiently studied and deserve further study complex.
The author explores the specifics of the formation of the features of perception of reality residents of Donbass, explores the reasons for the spread of anti-Ukrainian separatist views, proves the leading role of Russia for the war in the east of Ukraine in 2014.
The article reveals basic aspects of Ukrainian-Japanese bilateral strategic relations during 2011-2015. The role of summits and visits at the highest national level in the development of relations between the countries. Because it is a level event serve the importante force that makes further efforts of both sides for the implementation of regular mutually beneficial and promising initiatives and joint projects.
The article investigates the scientific works and public statements of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the American analyst in the area of US foreign policy, as for strained bilateral relations between Ukraine and Russia in the context of the Crimean annexation and separatist sentiments in the East of Ukraine, also the possibilities of resolving of the conflict with minimal losses for all parties.
This paper is about the badges that were released for the fortieth and seventieth anniversaries of society «Prosvita» in the ХХth century. Their detailed description is provided. The history of the establishment of the society «Prosvita» and their actions on the territory of Western Ukraine and in the city of Nikolaev are briefly introduced.