In this article the authors highlight the main results of archaeological research of the Sabatynivka culture’s settlement Rozanivka I in 2012.
Considered the main features of material culture of sabatynivka population. Attention is drawn to the description of the remainings of the architectural structures. The principles of construction are examined. Analysis of ceramic complex is made. Metric data artifacts are provided. According to the obtained results, the authors are comparing this settlement to the other settlements of Sabatynivka culture.
In the article there are discussed the main results of archaeological research of the settlement of the Wild Garden during the recent years. There are also analyzed the new architectural structures and artifacts.
The article is devoted to the latest archaeological research on the island Berezan (ancient Borisfen) archaic time. In the section «ГШ» first time in history researching of settlement to discovered of pottery district middle of VI century BC with ceramic kiln furnaces. Some furnaces were destroyed during the manufacturing process and contained the remains of local ceramic production.
The article reveals the role of Jewish universities in the education of Soviet Ukraine (1918-1939). Defined periods in the development of Jewish national institutions, the role of the state in their development, reasons of their closure.
The author concludes that the period between the two World Wars was a time of mass cultural assimilation of the Jews and their transition from Jewish culture to the Ukrainian and Russian cultures, which resulted in the participation of Jews in the culture of the peoples of Ukraine.
The author analyzes the socially-political moods of different social layers after the June, 1957 CPSU Central Committee Plenary Session. In the article the reasons for various attitude of the Ukrainian society to the exposure G. Malenkov, L. Kaganovych, V. Molotov are revealed. The different approach (the division of population through social, party and territorial characteristics) is introduced.
The article the author has analyzed the causal relationship, occasion and purpose of the invasion of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine in 2014. Analyzed the reaction of the parties to the conflict and the international community to the events in Ukraine. Clarified the significance of the events in the Cri-mea and Eastern Ukraine to Ukrainian-Russian relations and predicated possible scenarios for the devel-opment of future conflict and its consequences.
The article consider the activities of the American Relief Administration, its aid to the starvings and refugees in BSRS between the wars. ARA has brought a great contribution to the further development of the country. The author notes that this issue deals with a large number of scientists, especially foreign researchers, and the prob-lem is still actual.
The region of Asia constitutes the most populous and economically dynamic area of the globe. Rapid rise in demand for energy resources is one of the consequences of this fact. Sustainment of current economic growth rates requires securing a stable supply of energy. That is why security of energy resources supply became an important issue of international security in that region, creating another sphere of rivalry and cooperation among regional states. Fields of rivalry contain such issues as: bids for gas and oil fields in third countries, access to resources of the Russian Far East and possession of seabed resources. At the same time productive cooperation can be pursued in such areas as: exploration and exploitation of hard to reach fields, transfer of technology enabling greater energy efficiency, integration of energy resources markets, joint transfer projects and Sea Lanes of Communication security. The issues of access to energy resources will influence the future state of relations between Asian states.
Instrumentalisation of law is a process, which can be found in most of the countries, in democratic and in authoritarian ones. As Russia is pretending to be a contemporary rule of law state, it tries to use phrases «threats/needs of national security» to justify introductions of new laws rising level of state organ competences in range of control of society. In fact, when analyze new regulations deeper it can be easily seen that they are mainly used to hinder activity of the civil society. Acts on extremism, bloggers, assemblies, surveillance and – so called – foreign agents gives a government instruments to struggle with NGOs and other independent from government societies and groups within Russia. Implementation of those regulations already proved how they can be used in favor of the state to hinder antigovernment activities and deter activists from undertaking new initiatives. On the other hand non of those regulations caused mass protests as surveys of Russian public opinion show that citizens value security and public order more than own political rights.
In such conditions it can be hardly expected that process to terminate and we should expect continuance of such activities and consent for actions similar to listed in the article.
The issue energy policy in contemporary international relations becomes a crucial matter for every state. The main purpose of this article is to present the genesis of energy policy in Kazakhstan in the Soviet times and changes that occurred after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The article will also attempt to analyze the impact of state energy policy on foreign policy. Currently, oil and natural gas mining sector in the Republic of Kazakhstan is one of the most important sectors of this country economy. This has a significant impact on the conduct of foreign and economic policy with the major players in the international trade in oil and gas, such as Russia, China, the U.S. and the European Union. Considerations regarding this subject will be devoted to more detailed descriptions of contacts with these countries, as well as those countries that play a significant role in the Caspian region and Central Asia.
The article describes environmental issues in Russian cities – Dzerzhinsk and Norilsk. These cities are on World’s Worst Polluted Places list. Dzerzhisk since 1930’s was the capital of Soviet chemistry. In 1940 in this place was produced a huge amount of chemical weapon. Nowadays there is a high level of dangerous chemical pollutions in this city. On the other hand these days chemical industry employs 60% of inhabitants of Dzerzhinsk and neighborhoods. Currently this city is still a significant centre of Russian chemical industry.
Norilsk is one of the largest metallurgical centre in the world. Mining and metallurgical company Norilsk Nickel generates huge amounts of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and copper oxide. Therefore there is an increase of cancer, respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease causes in the area of Norilsk. The life expectancy in Dzerzhinsk as well as in Norilsk is significantly lower than in whole Russia.
The article also includes accurate description of environmental situation in aforementioned cities and the list of federal and international legislations. Conclusion of this article is that environmental issues is getting much more influential in contemporary Russia. The reason of this situation is demographic crisis that has started after USSR collapse.
The article analyzes the sources of the Ukrainian crisis in 2014, which was triggered by armed Russian ag-gression against Ukraine, Ukrainian Crimea annexation. In turn, the West had to respond to so-called hybrid un-declared war Russia against Ukraine, who challenged the system of European security, violating the territorial integrity of our country. Economic sanctions were chosen as the central mechanism of deterrence and de-escalation tool of Ukrainian crisis. As part of the political agenda it is analyzed the features of the application of anti-Russian sanctions by the US and the European Union, predicted the possibility of using RF counterstrategy to reduce the negative action of sanction effective measures.