The first record of Calamobius filum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Western Ukraine with notes on its biology, ecology and distribution in Europe
Authors: Zamoroka A.M., Mateleshko O.Yu.
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Calamobius filum (Rossi, 1790) is widely spread in Mediterranean Basin, occupying territory from Balearic Islands on West to North Iran on East, and from North Africa on South to Carpathian Mountains on North. Previously, C. filum was considered stenotopic xerothermic species, common for Mediterranean scrub and European steppe biomes. However, during last decade it was spread northward and into the mountains, where occupying the atypical habitats. We suggest, northward migration of C. filum is caused by climatic changes. In Ukraine, C. filum previously was known only from North Black Sea Basin. Our currently record of C. filum in Western Ukraine is significantly expanded its known areal. We indicated presence of C. filum in forest steppe biome and mountain oak forest zone, where it occupies habitat of secondary mesophilous meadows. Thus, we suggest, that areal of C. filum is expanding northward throughout all territory of Ukraine. Potentially, C. filum could spread to 50-degree latitude. This event could lead to negative economic effect and loses in agricultural crop production, as C. filum is known as seriously pest of cultivated cereals in South Europe.