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Comparative Study of Morbidity and Mortality Among the Elderly in the state of Paraiba
Authors: Mariana Guilherme Lima, Kênnia Sibelly Marques de Abrantes, Geofabio Sucupira Casimiro, Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias, Edivânia Maria Leite da Silva, Manoel Moisés Ferreira de Queiroz
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Aging is a global phenomenon that has been much discussed in the last decade and its rapid process observed in developing countries like Brazil, has not been sufficiently studied to provide the elements necessary to develop appropriate policies for this population. This study aimed to identify the main causes of morbidity and mortality among men and women aged 60 or older living in the state of Paraiba. We conducted a descriptive exploratory study with a quantitative approach, using secondary data available in DATASUS found on the website of the Ministry of Health, according to the Information System (SIM / SUS), the Hospital System (SIH / SUS) and demographic data according to IBGE. Identified the Ischemic Heart Disease, followed by Cerebrovascular Disease and Diabetes Mellitus, with the highest mortality rates in the elderly. By comparing the leading causes of mortality between the sexes, men had higher risk for Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver diseases, Traffic Accidents and Lung Cancer. The women presented as the main causes of mortality Diabetes Mellitus, Pneumonia and Intestinal Infections. Among the most prevalent causes of morbidity, there are the Circulatory Diseases, Respiratory Diseases and Infectious Diseases. The results here show the main causes of morbidity and mortality among the elderly are the Circulatory presented, Respiratory Diseases and the Infectious and Parasitic Diseases these can be reduced with the adoption of wide promotion, prevention and timely treatment and appropriate for these diseases, pointing to a growing preoccupation with measures prevention for this age group.