The article is devoted to the recreational forest management in the national parks. The article presents the analysis of the impact of recreational pressure on the forest environment in different types of forest biogeocenosis. It summarizes the scale characteristics of the stages of recreational digression of forest ecosystems. The article make suggestions aimed at improving the recreational functions of mountain forests that incorporate an integrated approach to the study of such a complex socio-natural phenomenon like forest territorial recreation system.
The relevance of the work lies in the fact that its results will be used to compile the large-scale maps of the vegetation of the Sochi national park. There were carried out the field studies of plantations in the forest fund of Krasnopolyanskaya, Kachinskogo, Kudepsta and Matsesta sub-districts of SNP to study the patterns of altitudinal and spatial distribution of forest types of the Sochi national park in the period of 2014. There was chosen the method of geobotanical profiling while conducting the research.