Cattle Breeding in Circassia: Some Features of Farming in the XIX century
Authors: Natal'ya A. Shevchenko
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The article discusses some features of cattle farming on the territory of Circassia in the XIX century. The attention is drawn to the connection of cattle breeding as a branch of agriculture with the religious traditions of circassian tribes. There were used as materials the pre-revolutionary and modern sources, which reflected the theme of this study. Among the pre-revolutionary sources, we can mention the works of M. Peisonel', A.V. Vereshchagin, V.V. Vasilkov and S.M. Bronevsky. Among the soviet and modern works may be mentioned the writings of M.V. Pokrovsky, V.I. Voroshilov.
In conclusion, the author states that due to climatic and geographical factors, the territory of Circassia has become almost an ideal place for the development of cattle breeding. The wide spread of cattle breeding contributed to the provision of Circassia not only with a kind of exchange coin, but also led to the development of related sectors of the economy, for example, sericulture, leatherworking, and contributed to the development of some related crafts. The extent of cattle breeding in Circassia was so high that it played a significant role even in the religious traditions of the people.