МАНАС ДАСТАНЫНЫН ЖҮСҮП МАМАЙ ВАРИАНТЫНДА КЕЗДЕШКЕН -ГАнЫ ЖАНА -ГАлЫ МҮЧӨЛӨРҮНҮН КОЛДОНУЛУШ ӨЗГӨЧӨЛҮГҮ-The Features Of Using Suffixes Like -Gany And -Galy In Epic Of Manas By Jusup Mamai
Authors: Mirzat Rakımbek Uulu
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As known the epic of Manas is one of the largest epics in the world. Manas is the national heritage of Kyrgyz‟s. It has many different variants which are performed by Manaschy (performer epic of Manas). Every great Manaschy has his own variant of epic. However it does not mean that all these variants are very different from each other. They all have common heroes, topics and stories. In spite of it they have a little differences in the characters. One of the great Manaschy was Jusup Mamai who lived in Kyzyl-Su region of Xingjian province in China. He acted up to the eight descendant of main hero of epic of Manas when the other Manaschys acted just up to three or five descendants. The language features and skills of Jusup Mamai are different as well. One of these differences is using of suffixes like -GAnY (-gany, -geni, -gonu, -gönü, -kany, -keni, -konu, -könü) and -GAlY (-galy, -geli, -golu, -gölü, -kaly, -keli, -kolu, -kölü). But in epic of Manas by Jusup Mamai has different meanings of suffix like –GAnY. Instead of this suffix it was used the suffix -GAlY (-galy, -geli, -golu, -gölü, -kaly, -keli, -kolu, -kölü). So, this paper aims to clarify the differences of these two suffixes and define the meanings of them.
In Kyrgyz language the gerund like –GAnY (-gany, -geni, -gonu, -gönü, -kany, -keni, -konu, -könü) has some meanings like below:
a. It indicates the purpose of the action.
b. It indicates the origin point of the action up to now.