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Variables transdiagnósticas predictoras de los problemas emocionales y afectivos en una muestra colombiana
Authors: Ronald Alberto Toro-Tobar; Kerly Vanessa Beltrán-Aguirre; Laura Jimena González-Gómez; Ángela Paola Sabogal-Mancipe; Karolina Reyes-Parra; Luz Mery Guerrero-Ortiz
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The transdiagnostic model is based on the evaluation and treatment of the etiological and maintaining variables of mental disorders. The objective was to establish the relationship between the transdiagnostic variables: perfectionism, rumination, positive and negative affect, anxiety sensitivity and intolerance of uncertainty, and, on the other hand, stress, anxiety and depression. 333 adult participants convened by a non-probabilistic incidental sampling, whose ages ranged from 18 to 70 years old (M= 28, SD= 8.70), 37.40% were men and 62.54%, women, single (66.27%), mainly university students (65.57%). The study was a cross-sectional predictive non-experimental study. The results showed significant correlations between anxiety and depression, as well as between intolerance of uncertainty and perfectionism, and depression with positive and negative affect and perfectionism. Regarding stress, significant correlations were found between rumination and emotional style. The predictive model emphasized intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety sensitivity and positive and negative affect to predict anxiety (r2 = .43), depression (r2 = .37) and stress (r2 = .17). It was concluded that the results provide evidence for the transdiagnostic model for anxiety and depression and, to a lesser extent, for stress.