Condiciones biológicas, sociales y familiares asociadas al afrontamiento familiar ante el nacimiento de pretérminos en la ciudad de Cartagena – Colombia
Authors: Rossana López Sáleme, Carmen Elena Díaz Montes, Kelly Moreno Jiménez, Katherine Vargas López, Gloria Villamizar Espinosa, Sandra López Salas, Ricardo Sierra Rojas
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CONTEXT: The birth of a child is an event of vital importance, and causes changes generated crisis, changing
daily routines of both the parents and family, this event requires an array of strategies to help cope with the stress generated by the situation lived, these strategies are known as coping, which is nothing more than a response to change and the production of new behaviors that allow the family to face the various problems experienced. Preterm birth a child is one of the main generators of crisis, stress and family tensions because the newborn does not meet the full weeks in the womb, has immature organs and systems and therefore need special care. There are different characteristics that families have (age, low education, poor social support, family dysfunction, low income etc.)
Determine or influence the way each family face the situation of prematurity of his son.
OBJECTIVE: determine the association between biological, familiar, social conditions and family coping of parents
before the birth of a preterm infant.
METHODS: cross_sectional study conducted during of 2009 ; the population consisted of 1,980 parents of
preterm infants in intensive care units in the city of Cartagena, and the sample consisted of 277 parents.
95% confidence, an error of 5% and a prevalence of 50% coping. Parents were selected by cluster
sampling. .the instruments were used as the Family APGAR, sociodemographic record, and F-COPES; to estimate
the association between the variables using the Stata 9.2.
RESULTS: 85.9% of parents of preterm infant have an effective coping, among the variables significantly associated with family coping with the birth of a preterm infant were found marital status(OR 0.342) (CI: 0.120 to 0.976) and income economic (OR 3.905) (CI: 1.682 to 9.068)
CONCLUSIONS: found a significant association between social conditions such as marital status and income family coping with the parents before the birth of a preterm infant. The biological and relatives showed no association.
Keywords: Family Relations, Premature Birth, biological factors, Social Conditions.