THE MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BODY OF THE PROFESSIONAL TEAMS FOOTBALL REFEREES AND ASSISTANTS
Authors: T.A. Tereshchenko, Shakhlina L. Y.-G., N.M. Nazarko
Number of views: 501
Professional activity of football referees requires on their organism a high level of health, functionality and physical preparedness and should be under permanent medical supervision. One of the parameters that determine the functional state of the athletes is the anthropometric characteristics and body composition parameters. Therefore, the aim of the work was to investigate the morphological characteristics of the body of football referees and assistants of professional teams to optimize of medical monitoring. To do this, we surveyed 162 football referees (referees and assistants of the highest, the first and second leagues of Ukraine). Anthropometric parameters were measured using a scales, stadiometer and tape measures, and body composition - bioimpedance OMRON, model BF511. It was determined that excess weight by the body mass index was found in 23,19 % of the arbitrators and 18,28 % of assistants. Among arbitrators observed very low fat content in 5,8 %, low - 8,7 %, optimum - 60,87 %, moderate high - 24,64 %. Among assistants 9,68 %, 8,60 %, 56,99 %, 24,73 % respectively. The excess body weight by BMI coincided with a moderately high fat in the arbitrators only at 52,94 %, and 47,82 % of the assistants. Tapering index characterizes the type of constitution referees and assistants as normal. According to the index Pine the strong constitution have 77,94 % of the arbitrators and 71,59 % of the assistants, good - 19,12 % and 21,59 %, average - 2,94 % and 4,55 % respectively, but weak - is determined in 2,27 % of assistants. According to the index Solovyov normal body type was observed in 29,41 % of the arbitrators and 15,9 % of the assistants then as asthenic type - in 70,59 % and 84,09 % respectively.
So, for correct assessment of morphological parameters of the football referees and assistants is need, along with the indicators of growth and weight, to assess their body composition and determine circumferences of waist, pelvic and level of visceral fat to optimize medical monitoring.