The analysis of biometric exterior indicators of haarder in the Azov Sea is given and by example of use of these indicators the calculations for optimization of the parameters of mesh in fishing gear for fish catching in the Ukraine is complete. The calculations show that the minimum mesh size which provides selective catch capacity concerning haarder of commercial measure (more than 38 cm) should be increased in size from 30 mm to 40 mm. In this case, the probability to continue catching of juveniles from 26.8 cm to 38 cm remains, but its share will be significantly less than in case of using adopted now mesh size of 30 mm. The proposed method is recommended for engineering and biological calculations for the design of new gear and improvement of commercial fishing regulations in order to optimize and improve the effectiveness of management of fish stocks.
Keywords: Responsible Fisheries, haarder, selectivity, the optimum mesh size parameter, the trade measure.
The results of growing of grey mullet and flounder finfishess are resulted in pools and isolated areas of lagoons of north-western Prichernomor'ya. It is rotined that such methods of the controlled growing of marine finfishess provide a high output and products of commodity fish.
Keywords: grey mullet, flounder fish, commercial cultivation, pools, isolated areas of estuaries and lagoons.
According to control gill net catches, major commercial fishes in middle part of the Kremenchuk reservoir are bream, crucian carp, silver bream, roach, and pikeperch. Bream population structure in catches in 2013 was characterized by widening of its modal range that is related to a decrease of middle age groups. Unstable state of the population and high enough mortality index of bream — 0,74 are first of all related to intensification of fishing effort on these age groups. Structural indices and mortality values of silver bream (0,66), roach (0,60), crucian carp (0,68) in whole correspond to those of balanced populations in conditions of moderate fishing effort. Pikeperch population in catches was represented by 5 age groups only and 71,1 % of its number was represented by age 3 fish. The absence of older age groups at high enough recruitment number also indicates on high fishing effort towards this species.
Keywords: water storage, industrial fish fauna, population, curve catch, mortality of fish.
The results of hydrochemical analyses and biotesting of surface water and sediments of Nivka river near the airport «Kiev» are presented. Exceeding of maximum permissible values for a number of indexes (COD, BOD5, ammonia and nitrates) and considerable contamination of surface water and sediments by oil products and some of heavy metals is demonstrated.
Keywords: pollution, surface water, bottom sediments, toxicity.
Studied nutrition of Lyubinskui scaly carp fingerlings in the application of measures of intensification of natural forage and the introduction of fodder zooplankton. It is shown that carp fingerlings are ensured of natural food only until mid-July, later in the diet dominated by artificial feed and detritus, and the intensity of nutrition are depended of the feeding.
Keywords: fingerlings, carp, food, introduction, natural food base, zooplankton, artificial feed, detritus.
The new method’s particular qualities of obtaining carp’s early offspring in the cages that are placed in Dobrotvorskaya’s warm water of thermal power stations have been presented. The possibility of obtaining a full - fledged offspring cross breed of carp with larvae’s output not less than 39 % of the female without using the hutching plants and spawning ponds by this method was defined.
Keywords: getting young offspring, fertility, a cross breed of carp.
An overview of the results and the prospects of using recirculating water in freshwater aquaculture in the intensification of fish.
Keywords: installation of a closed water supply, intensification, productivity.
The article provides the results of stocking density and the ratio of polyculture in ponds constructed on peat and sandy soils in connection with the cultivation of carp fingerlings.
Keywords: polyculture fish ponds, peat and sand soils, planting density of fish.
Data concerning influence of different concentrations of copper and zinc on anionic forms of fatty acids content, and fatty acids of total lipids content in carp’s skeletal muscles are presented in the article.
Keywords: fatty acids, copper, zinc, skeletal muscle, carp.
Materials of the aquacultural characteristic of the fourth and fifth generation of the Scaleless common carp of the Nyvka Plant Line and reproductive indexes of the females of the fourth selection generation are presented.
Key words: carp, breed, interbreed type, Nyvka Plant Line , selection and breeding.
Bibliographic index contains a list of the main works such as monographs, scientific papers, materials of conferences, articles on the historical development of the fisheries. Compiled on the basis of publications available in the scientific library fund of the Institute of fisheries NAAS.
Key words: history of fisheries development, thematic bibliography