CONCEPTUAL DIMENSIONS OF THE NOTION OF CULTURE. WHAT IS CULTURE AND WHY DO WE NEED IT TODAY?
Authors: Alexandra CLAPATIUC
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In an attempt to answer the question “What is culture and why do we need it today?” in the context of contemporary education, the article examines the conceptual dimensions of the notion of culture in terms of different schools of thought, directions, theories, models and systemic interpretations of the humanities, including anthropology and philosophy of culture. Emphasizing the idea that human ontology is conditional on the cultural one, it is the culture that determines human becoming at the individual (personality) and collective (society) level, mediating the integrity, the originality of the personality and its creative potentialities. In the same vein, the article presents two fundamental concepts inherent to the cultural phenomenon such as: “value” - representing an ideal, a world to which the human being aspires and “style” - determinant of the unity of essential spiritual manifestations.
Following the pedagogical valences of forming a complete personality and becoming human as a man and creator, the article elucidates the cultural phenomenon first of all as a manifestation of the spirit, congenital to the human being and immanent to the plastic definition of man. Returning to the area of current education, in the idea that the “school” is the most important social institute designed to highlight cultural phenomena in order to “cultivate the human spirit” and reveal the teleological essences of the human being, the article also discusses the effects of the “spiritual/cultural crisis” of postmodernity, marking as the main loss of contemporaneity - that of the “complete man”.