EPISTEMOLOGICAL GUIDELINES OF DEFINING VALUES
Authors: Angela TULEI
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This article deals with the definition of values from various perspectives. Human history begins with the history of signs and values. Animals, unlike humans, being unable to speak, cannot turn their attractions and repulsions into values. Only the dialogue, at first with the others and later with one’s own self, allows detachment from phenomena and raises questions about their essence. Only the dialogue makes it possible to develop ideas, the only means of dialogic commu¬nication being the human language.
Axiology is the study of the nature of value and valuation, and of the kinds of things that are valuable; it refers to a series of approaches to understand how, why, and to what extent things are valuable for people.
The question of values has been defined from various perspectives and dimensions, such as: the philosophical dimension, the historical, economic, pedagogical, aesthetic, psychological perspectives, etc., but research shows that the concept of value is specially echoed in the pedagogical reflection.