DIVERSITY OF PARASITIC FAUNA IN WILD BOARS FROM THE RESERVATION “PLAIUL FAGULUI” IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Authors: Ștefan RUSU
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The aim of the research was to study the parasitic fauna composition in the wild boars from the natural reservation “Plaiul Fagului” of the Republic of Moldova. The wild boar (Sus scrofa) forms the bands and inhabiting the forests and nearby agricultural fields. The taxonomic composition of parasitic fauna is formed from various parasitic agents: 2 species of Trematoda Fasciola hepatica with extensivity of invasion 6,3% and intensivity of invasion of 2,6 samples, Dicro¬coelium lanceolatum – 12,6% and intensivity of invasion – 2,2 samples); the class Secernentea included 9 species (Trichocephalus suis – in 18,2% of cases, intensivity of invasion – 2,4 samples, Strongyloides ransomi identified in 70,4% cases, intensivity of invasion – 8,5 samples, Metastrongylus elongatus – in 64,6% cases, intensivity of cases – 4,5 samples, Oesophagostomum dentatum – in 19,4% cases, intensivity of invasion – 4,4 samples, Physocephalus sexalatus – in 4,1% cases, intensivity of invasion – 3,2 samples, Ascaris suum – in – 26,5% cases, intensivity of invasion – 6,4 samples, Hyostrongylus rubidus – in 15,8% cases, intensivity of invasion – 4,5 samples, Gongylonema pulchrum – 2,1% cases, intensivity of invasion – 3,2 samples, Globocephalus urosubulatus – in 36,8% cases, intensivity of invasion – 7,4 samples), Acantocephala class was represented with one species (Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus – in 2,4% cases, intensivity of invasion – one sample) and Isospora Class represented by one species Eimeria debliecki – in 42,4% cases with intensivity of invasion – 8,4 sample.
Out of those 13 species identified in boars, two species (15,5%) are specific for boars only (Gongylonema pulchrum; Eimeria debliecki), eight species (61,5%) (Trichocephalus suis, Strongyloides ransomi, Metastrongylus elongatus, Oesopha¬gostomum dentatum, Physocephalus sexalatus, Ascaris suum, Hyostrongylus rubidus, Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus) are common for other wild and domestic animals and three species (23,0%) (Fasciola hepatica, Dicrocoelium lanceolatum and Globocephalus urosubulatus) are common for animals and humans.