cute encephalitis syndrome (AES)/Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading viral cause of disability in India. Our study was carried out to comprehend the prevalence of AES/JE cases in 2011-12 at Lakhimpur district of Assam and to find out their association with environmental factors (particularly rainfall). Among the suspected AES cases، 25.92% & 24.39% cases were found JE IgM positive in 2011 and 2012 respectively. A positive correlation was observed between AES/JE cases and monthly rainfall data. In 2012، upto some extent decreasing trend of JE cases were observed due to the vaccination campaign held on February، 2012 at Lakhimpur district.
This study was obtained to investigate the physical، chemical and microbial characteristic of Pampangan buffalo milk. As much of 20 buffalo milk samples were utilized. The samples were taken from Pampangan and Rambutan sub-district، Ogan Komering Ilir regency، South Sumatra province. Physical، chemical characteristics Total Plate Count (TPC)، amino acid and fatty acid were analyzed by following the methods described in AOAC 2007 . The results showed that buffalo milk has the average value of density، moisture content، fat، protein، ash، non fat dry material and TPC is 1.035 g.ml-1 ، 79.01%، 9.79%، 5.73%، 0.85%، 11.19% and 5.49 log cfu. ml-1 respectively. Pampangan buffalo milk has typical milk flavor، white color، and sweet taste. It contains 15 amino acids which the highest amino acid concentration is glutamic acid. The highest concentration of saturated fatty acids are palmitic acid، stearic and myristic، whereas the highest concentration of unsaturated fatty acids is oleic acid.
Bovine genetic resources of India constitute an important component of animal genetic resource and they substantially contribute in the GDP as well as towards the food security of our country. The purpose of the present report is to divulge the population dynamics of breeding bulls and its consequences thereof in animal breed improvement and conservation programs. Steps that could be taken to monitor and multiply the breeding bulls of cattle and buffalo species in India are delineated in the present article.