The Image of the White Movement in the Soviet Films of 1930s–1940s
Authors: Alexander Fedorov
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This article gives the way for hermeneutic analysis of the topic of the White movement in the mirror of the Soviet cinema (1930s-1940s, the feature films of the sound period). The hermeneutical analysis suggests media text comprehension through comparison with historical, cultural tradition and reality; penetration of its logic; through comparison of media images in historical and cultural context by combining historical, hermeneutical analysis of the structural, plot, ethical, ideological, iconographic / visual, media stereotypes and analysis of media text characters. An analysis of this kind of media texts, in our opinion, is particularly important for media literacy education of future historians, culture and art historians, sociologists, psychologists and educators. Thus, the comparative analysis of plot schemes, characters, and ideology of the Soviet sound films of 1930s-1940s, in varying degrees of affecting the subject of the White movement, leads to the conclusion about the essential similarity of their media stereotypes. Content analysis of screen media texts of 1930s -1940s on the topic related to the White movement allows generally to submit their basic narrative schemes as follows: cruel and treacherous, cowardly and cunning Whites and their allies are trying to overthrow the Bolshevik power by all means available to them (military / or guerrilla action, intervention, rebellion, terrorism, espionage, bribery, etc.), but they tolerate the inevitable defeat.