The Peninsula of the Southern Front in the July offensive of 1943
Authors: Vladimir I. Afanasenko
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July 28 marks the 75th anniversary of the publication of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief I.V. Stalin's order No. 227, known as the order "No step back!". In the history of the Great Patriotic War and in the consciousness of Soviet citizens, he entered as an order "Not a step back!". In the last paragraph, it was especially emphasized: "The order to read in all companies, squadrons, batteries, squadrons, commands, staffs". Under this order, the acting army created penalty units. Within each front, from 1 to 3 penalty battalions were formed for the guilty middle and senior commanders and the corresponding political workers of all combat arms. Within the combined arms army – from 5 to 10 penalty mouths, which sent ordinary soldiers and junior commanders. Penalties, as stressed in Order No. 227, should be placed "on more difficult sectors of the front, to enable them to redeem their crimes against the Motherland." In mid-July 1943, at the height of the Battle of Kursk, the South Front fines took part in the breakthrough of the enemy's powerful defensive line, created at the heights of the western bank of the river. Mius. About statistics of losses of penal units in the July offensive operation of the Southern Front – in this article.