LEGAL ASPECT OF ETYMOLOGY OF THE CONCEPT «HUMAN DIGNITY»
Authors: Elena Belavina
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This research and analysis work is focused on consideration of semantic characteristics of the normative content of the concept of «human dignity», according to means of consideration of its etymological value used in the modern Russian language and its historical development. Each historical epoch is characterized by its own type of personality with unique qualitative level of development of self-esteem defined by the prevailing in the society relations of production. The complex of non-material benefits, whether it is life, health, dignity, personal integrity, honor, good name, business reputation, privacy, personal and family privacy, free movement and others - these are personal non-property rights. The concept of «dignity» is universal. It is supra-ideological, supra-state, supra-national concept. This is the very essence - the core of human values. And, by virtue of this, the person must respect human dignity - one's own and dignity of others. Dignity is a value-based self-attitude and attitude towards other people. Dignity is a manifestation of self-awareness and self-control personal self-demands rely on. It is closely connected with personal properties: conscience, honor, responsibility. The idea of human dignity as the highest value and the highest purpose of a man has been presented and developed by humanists of XIV-XVIII centuries in connection with a new understanding of the person (Petrarch, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Kant, Fichte). The bourgeois humanists of this period proclaimed the high value of a person regardless of the social origin: «An ignoble person doesn't lose his dignity until his life is worth it». The author notes the high priority the concept of «dignity» through its mapping and comparison with such terms as «right» and «personality».