Correlation study of modifiable risk factors and age related Maculopathy
Authors: Dongre Manoj B..
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Aim and Objective: To study relationship between ARMD and risk factors.
Methodology: A total sample size of 4000 patients above 60 years attending ophthalmology OPD of center were enrolled in the study. The data collection was done by using predesigned pretested questionnaire. A detailed history of selected subjects was recorded in relation to demographic information, family history, dietary habits, details of smoking and systemic problems, focused mainly on DM, hypertension and cardiac problems. All the patients selected for the study according to criteria for AMD subjected to detailed ocular examination with visual acuity; IOP measurement, slit Lamp biomicroscopy, direct and indirect ophthalmoscopic examination, Amsler grid test and fundus photography as needed.
Results and Conclusion: Age, occupation, smoking and co-morbidity with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, family history of AMD and cardiovascular disease showed statistical association with AMD. In the study; sex, place of living, education, socioeconomic status, diet, BMI, cataract surgery, lens opacity, iris colour and refractive error showed no statistically association with AMD.