The woman is said to be three times more responsible than the male in the procreation. Apart from attending natural processes of menstruation, pregnancy, one of the most inconvenient diseases in woman is Garbhashaya Grivamukhagata Vrana (cervical erosion). Cervical erosion is a common condition seen in almost all women. It affects the whole efficacy of woman which may lead up to infertility. Most commonly used treatment for cervical erosion is cauterization and cryosurgery which have their own side effects like secondary infertility, per vaginal bleeding, stenosis etc. In Ayurveda, Agnikarma has been described in the treatment of Vrana. To evaluate the utility and therapeutic effect of Agnikarma in Garbhashya Grivamukhagata Vrana we made an effort to collect all the available literature mentioned in ancient Ayurvedic classics backed with recent research evidences. Modern science data was collected from various textbooks along with this known database which was available on google, pubmed was selected for present studies from 1994 to 2013.