INFLUENCE OF JOHN DEWEY PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS ON THE PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE IN UKRAINE (20's OF XX CENTURY)
Authors: M. Bogomolova
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The article analyzes the influence of pedagogical ideas of the famous American philosopher, teacher, psychologist John Dewey (1859-1952) on the development of the pedagogical theory and practice of Ukraine in the 20-30s' of the XXth century. It is noted that domestic education in this historical period of its development was based on both national traditions and world experience, new approaches and ideas, in particular, reformed pedagogy with a bright representative J. Dewey.
J. Dewey developed a new philosophy of education based on the ideas of pragmatism, pedocentrism, the democratization of education and the socialization of the individual, the integration of the content of education, the development of students' creative thinking, the justification of student and teacher self-realization, and the humanization of relationships between educators and pupils.
A scientific search showed that his legacy was well known to more than one generation of Ukrainian researchers, scientists and educators, organizers of education in Ukraine at different stages of development and formation: in the 20's of the XX century was studied, implemented in the educational process.
Ukrainian teachers Y. Chepiga, S. Rusova, O. Muzychenko and others advocated the idea of substantially reforming the education system as a whole, and training in particular. They emphasized that all efforts should be directed towards the development of cognitive activity of students, the active use of active research methods, directing students to self-examination, rather than the predominance of control by teachers, the establishment of subject-subjective interaction of participants in the educational process.