THE CURRENT STATE OF OCCUPATIONAL TRAUMATISM IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE UKRAINIAN AGRO-INDUSTRIAL: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES
Authors: I. Kamenskа, O. Bokshyts
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To investigate the state of industrial injuries (including fatalities) in Ukraine in general and in the agro-industrial complex for the period from 2011 to 2017, and to identify ways to increase the level of occupational safety.
Investigation of the condition of occupational injuries in the conditions of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine was carried out using the probabilistic-statistical method of analysis. In the study, we used the statistical method of analysis of occupational injuries in Ukraine from 2011 till – 2017, which is based on the study of injuries according to the report of the State Labor Service of Ukraine.
For the first time the analysis of occupational injuries in Ukraine from 2011 till-2017was carried out according to the report of the State Labor Service of Ukraine. The ways of raising the level of labor protection in agriculture are proposed.
On the basis of analysis of the data of the State Labor Service of Ukraine for the period of 2011-2017, it has been established that the state of occupational injuries is declining, both in Ukraine as a whole and in the agro-industrial complex. Despite the fact that the level of injuries in the aforementioned years decreased, it should be noted that the industry of the agro-industrial complex in the period 2011-2014 took the third place in Ukraine by the level of injury and the second place – by the level of injuries with fatalities, and in the period 2015-2017 – third and first place respectively.
In 2011, in the agro-industrial sector, 10,0% of the total number of traumatized people was injured at enterprises of Ukraine, and 17.9% of the total number of deaths were injured, in 2012, respectively, 9,9 and 18,6 in 2013 – 9,9 and 16,4, in 2014 – 10,9 and 17,3, in 2015 – 14,1 and 22,4, in 2016 – 13,1 and 20,8, and in 2017 – 12,5 and 20,5%.
An analysis of the state of occupational injuries in the areas of supervision was conducted. The obtained results may be used as to prevent and eliminate potential hazards.
In order to improve the work of the service on labor protection, it is continuously necessary to analyze the state of occupational injuries in the areas of supervision. This will enable you to prevent and eliminate potential hazards. Therefore, in order to create safe and harmless working conditions, it is constantly necessary to improve the legal regulation of labor protection in agriculture, to update the rules, norms, standards, instructions, regulations in accordance with the development of NTP and modern technical support of the agro-industrial complex and apply the experience of the world.
To reduce occupational injuries, it is necessary to develop and implement a sectoral system of labor protection management; to increase the efficiency of labor protection work at agricultural enterprises of all types of property; to provide employees with regulatory and labor protection laws, which take into account modern labor safety requirements; to intensify control over compliance with safety standards and working conditions in the workplace, paying particular attention to the technical aspects of occupational safety.
The analysis of the condition of occupational injuries in the field of supervision provides an opportunity to assess the dynamics of occupational injuries (including fatalities), to anticipate, eliminate potential hazards in production and to propose perspective ways to increase the level of labor protection in Ukraine.